Some excerpts from the book of Philo which conclusive proves that Philo observed lunar weeks and lunar seventh days of the weeks (Sabbaths in Hebrew).
Did Philo make a connection with the "four" weeks
each month and the phases of the moon
??? The answer to that is YES
Philo, ON MATING WITH THE PRELIMINARY STUDIES, X1X (102
"the sacrifices which have been preserved in the soul, which is illuminated in two portions out of the three, until it is entirely changed in every part, and becomes a heavenly brilliancy like a "FULL MOON
, at the height of its increase at the "END
OF THE "SECONd"? "WEEK
Please notice what Philo said in the highlighted. His readers and fellow Jews of that era or in those days connected the WEEK with the phases of the moon and understood that the "WEEKS WERE BY THE MOOn", and that at the end of the "SECOND WEEk" they would be a full moon/Sabbath/15th. This statement needs no interpretation. The people in Philo's audience understood through common knowledge that the WEEKS were by the moon, same as in the Scriptures. If this is so then the sacred seventh day of the week, which comes at the end of the second week, must be a "FULL MOOn"/15th Sabbath (See Psalms 81:3-6). Why? Because in many places Philo speaks of the weekly seventh day, which we all know that the seventh day comes at the end of the week. People would like for us to believe that the months were originally by the moon but the 4 weeks each month were not.
Philo was making an observation of how a person can be spiritually illuminated to a full brilliance just like a full moon at the height of its increase at the end of the second week. if the weeks were not by the moon phases, Philo could not have made this statement and his readers would have thought him crazy. Philo did not count the new moon when counting out the weeks
as the calendars do today. This statement is very easily proven from the writings of Philo because he states in other places throughout his book, that the full moon is on the 15th each month, and he also separates the new moon days from the week days as a separate feast day therefore they did not count the new moon when counting out the weeks. Writers today would instead count the new moon day in counting their weeks, but it is obvious from Philo that he did not count the new moon day when counting out the weeks. The reason we know this is because if the new moon day was counted, you would not have a full moon at the end of the second week because that would be the 14th instead of the 15th and Philo plainly declares many times that the full moon is on the 15th. Did Philo connect the MOON with the SEVENTH DAY?
The answer is YES
I have shown that Philo and his readers
understood the weeks were connected to the moon and now I will show that they understood that THE SEVENTH DAY was connected to the moon
Philo goes on to show that the moon perfects chiefly in accordance with its own configurations on each "Seventh day". In ALLEGORICAL INTERPRETATION, 1 IV 8,
"Again, the periodical changes of the moon, take place according to the number "Seven", that "Star" having the greatest sympathy with the things on earth. And the changes which the moon works in the air, it perfects chiefly in accordance with its own configurations
on each "SEVENTH DAY".
At all events, all mortal things, as I have said before, drawing their more divine nature
from the heaven, are moved in a manner which tends to their preservation in accordance with this number seven. Accordingly, on the SEVENTH DAY
, g*d caused to REST
from all his works which he had madeâ€¦."
Notice he said, "And the changes which the moon works in the air, it perfects chiefly in accordance with its own configurations on "EACh" "SEVENTH DAY
, notice he did NOT say every seven days, but on "EACH SEVENTH DAy". He did not say "It perfects chiefly in accordance with its own configurations "Every" seven days, but on EACH SEVENTH DAY
, referring to the weekly seventh day
. There is a difference in the phrase on each seventh day and every seven days. Had a Hebrew speaking Jew wrote this he would have said "It perfects chiefly in accordance with its own configurations on "Each" "Sabbath" day" instead of "Each" "Seventh" day because elsewhere in his writings, Philo identifies that when he mentions the seventh day he is speaking of what the Jews would call the Sabbath day, in Hebrew. Above, he tells us that the moon perfects its own configurations on each seventh day. It was understood, that at the end of each lunar week there was a lunar seventh day. The Greek speaking Jews referred to the Sabbath as the "SEVENTh" day or the sacred seventh day, while in the language of the Hebrews it was termed Shabbat, or the Sabbath. In the DECALOGUE XXX (161)
Philo explains how that the two
seven-day feast, Passover and the feast of Tabernacle, has been "assigned
to this "SAME" WEEKLY SEVENTH DAY
, what does that mean???? To a Lunar Sabbath observer it would be the 15th, because that is the weekly seventh day that begins
both of these feast. To the traditional Sabbath keeper, the statement would not make any sense at all because their weekly Sabbath can fall anywhere during the seven-day feasts. THE DECALOGUE XXX (161)
"But to the seventh day of the week
he has ASSIGNED
the greatest festivals, those of the longest duration, at the periods of the equinox both vernal and autumnal in each year; appointing two festivals for these two epochs, each lasting seven days;
To further prove the 15th is the weekly seventh day that the feasts has been assigned to we read,In the DECALOGUE XXX (158-159) XXX. (158
) where Philo tells how that they are TWO
SEVENTH DAYS during the two seven-day feast (Unleavened Bread and Tabernacles) one of these seventh days comes before
the number six, which would begin the feast
/15th and the other seventh day comes after
the number six/21st., which ends the feast
. The seventh day that comes before the number six, is the weekly seventh day that the seven-day feasts that these 7th day feasts are assigned
to. And in another place Philo, referring to Unleavened Bread/15th said that it was really
the seventh day of seventh days
. This one is found in,THE SPECIAL WALLS LAWS, 11 XI (41
) which says,
"The sixth is the feast of unleavened bread, after which that Festival is celebrated, which is really
the seventh day of seventh days
. (I believe it is called this because it is the first day of the seven-day feasts that comes BEFORE the number 6 or possibly Leviticus 23:6)
All of these are powerful statements in favor of lunar Sabbaths and I'm not finished.
Further evidence that Philo did not count the new moon
when counting out the four lunar weeks
each month, is found Did Philo count the 4 weeks/sevens leaving out the new Moon worship day?
The answer to this is YES
. Philo in THE SPECIAL LAWS 1. (178
) Philo writes,
(178) "There is one principle of reason by which the moon "Waxes and waned"? in equal "Intervald"?, both as it increases and diminishes in illumination; it receives the perfect shapes in periods of seven days"”the half-moon
in the first
seven day period "after
its conjunction with the sun, "full" moon
in the "second
; and when it makes its return again, the first is to half-moon
, then it ceases at its conjunction with the sun.
Notice the above is speaking of 28 days
or four weeks/sevens which again shows that the new moon was not counted
when counting out the weeks. Philo never mentioned a solar calendar or a solar weekly seventh day, but had much to say about the creation calendar found in Genesis 1:14, and I'm still not finished showing how the Jews of our Saviour's time understood the calendar and appointments. Clement of Alexander also connected the weeks with the moon by saying basically the same thing in one of his writings, the half-moon in the first week, "Full" moon on the "Second" week; waning half-moon the third week, and last sliver of the fourth week, but he is not my topic here. Did Philo ever mention that the Sabbath could be found counting from the New moon???
The answer is YES
, in Philo's writings about such things as the Priesthood, festivals etc. are in perfect harmony with the Bible we now read today. At one point in his writings he did make mention that some states or provinces were keeping "ONLY ONE"
Sabbath per month "COUNTING FROM THE NEW MOOn"
, whereas we know all four should be kept. Here is Philo on this issue: THE DECALOGUE, XX (96
"The fourth commandment
has reference to the "SACRED SEVENTH DAY
that it may be passed in a sacred and holy manner. Some states keep the "HOLY FESTIVAL
in the month, "COUNTING FROM THE NEW MOON
, as a day sacred to God; but the nation of the Jews keep every seventh day regularly, after each interval of six days"?.
Please notice carefully that Philo is given positive proof that the fourth commandment holy seventh day festival is found by counting from the new moon but some people were keeping it "ONLY ONCE
a month or moon. One must realize that Philo understood that the new moon was a festival all by itself and was not one of the six ordinary working days (Ezekiel 46:1-3). The gate of the inner court was to be shut on the "Six working days"? and opened on the "Sabbath" and day of the "New moon" (three different category of days). Philo states that some provinces were observing the Holy Sabbath day festival "Only oncE" in the month or moon. i.e. Philo acknowledges that they were keeping the right Sabbath which was found by counting from the New moon, but they were keeping it ONLY ONCE each moon/month.
The fact that he centers in on "Only oncE" in the month/moon lets us know that he is concerned with the number of times it is kept each month/moon by some states, "NOt" the way it is found. He mentions that they were keeping it by counting from the new moon and recognizing it as a day sacred to YHWH
. Now, if counting from the new moon to find the weekly Sabbath is erroneous, how did these states keep the Holy festival once a month??? Think about this.
Philo did not say they kept a Sabbath or their Sabbath or a bogus Sabbath, but rather he said they kept "THE" Holy festival
sacred to YHWH. i.e. the fourth commandment Sabbath. This has to mean that the proper way to find the Holy festival of the Seventh day is to count from the new moon whether you keep it once or 4 times each moon or month.
Someone might say, so what if Philo observed Lunar Sabbaths, how do we know that he was referring to the creation Sabbath?
Somewhere in Philo describes that Ex- 16 Sabbaths were weekly Sabbath as was the creation Sabbath. Will suply quote later.
The Historical evidence found in Philo and other Historical documents, conclusively proves that the Jews observed lunar Sabbaths. I have so much proof from Philo that it would make my post so long that people might not read it so go to for more proofs from Philo ago to http://lunarsabbath.info/_wsn/page3.html
READ THIS CONCLUSION CAREFULLYConclusion
, if Philo the Jew observed lunar Sabbaths
, as the above proves, then so did the Messiah and His Apostles
, along with the rest of the Jewish people. Why
? Because the New Testament teaches that the Messiah and His Apostles kept the SAME Sabbath
as the Jews. We know from the Historical evidence that Philo the Jew, who was also a Levite Priest, and observed the same weekly Sabbath as the Jews or he would not have been chosen to represent the Jewish people at Rome concerning the persecution of the Jews and if he did not keep the correct Sabbath he would not have been a Jew and a Levite Priest had to keep the same Sabbath. We also know that the Essenes in the Dead Sea Scrolls observed the same
weekly Sabbath as Philo and the rest of the Jews because Philo highly praised them for keeping the Sabbath, which he could not have done had they observed a different Sabbath than he. This would explains why the Essenes in the Dead Sea Scrolls were showing where the new moons and Sabbaths fell each month on the Roman calendar. So if Philo observed Lunar weeks and Lunar Sabbaths, as the above Historical evidence from Philo's writings conclusively proved, then so did everyone including our Savior.
Bottom-line is that it does not take a Sherlock Holmes to look at the Historical evidence found in Philo and conclude that Philo the Jew observed lunar WEEKS and lunar Sabbaths and from the scripture we find that our Saviour and the Jews observed the same seventh day Sabbath and then when we used deductive reasoning we conclude that the Messiah and His disciples observed lunar Sabbaths. It is elementary when using deductive reasoning.
Ps. I will add to this later as if the above were not enough to prove Philo and the Jews kept Lunar Sabbaths along with the Messiah.