1The word of the
blessing of Enoch, how he blessed the elect and the
righteous, who were to exist in the time of trouble;
rejecting all the wicked and unElohimly. Enoch, a
righteous man, who was (1) with
Elohim, answered and spoke, while his eyes were open,
and while he saw a qodesh vision in the
heavens. This the angels showed me.
(1) N.B. The italicized words
supply a gap in the text.
2From them I heard all
things, and understood what I saw; that which will not
take place in this generation, but in a generation
which is to succeed at a distant period, on account of
3Upon their account I
spoke and conversed with him, who will go forth from
his habitation, the Qodesh and Mighty One, the Elohim
of the world:
4Who will hereafter
tread upon Mount Sinai; appear with his hosts; and be
manifested in the strength of his power from heaven.
5All shall be afraid,
and the Watchers be terrified.
6Great fear and
trembling shall seize them, even to the ends of the
earth. The lofty mountains shall be troubled, and the
exalted hills depressed, melting like a honeycomb in
the flame. The earth shall be immerged, and all things
which are in it perish; while judgment shall come upon
all, even upon all the righteous:
7But to them shall he
give peace: he shall preserve the elect, and towards
them exercise clemency.
8Then shall all belong
to Elohim; be happy and blessed; and the splendour of
the Elohimhead shall illuminate them.
1Behold, he comes with
ten thousands of his saints, to execute judgment upon
them, and destroy the wicked, and reprove all the
carnal for everything which the sinful and unElohimly
have done, and committed against him. (2)
(2) Quoted by Jude, vss. 14, 15.
1All who are in the
heavens know what is transacted there.
2They know that
the heavenly luminaries change not their paths; that
each rises and sets regularly, every one at its proper
period, without transgressing the commands, which
they have received. The behold the earth, and
understand what is there transacted, from the
beginning to the end of it.
3They see that
every work of Elohim is invariable in the period of
its appearance. They behold summer and winter: perceiving
that the whole earth is full of water; and that the
cloud, the dew, and the rain refresh it.
1They consider and
behold every tree, how it appears to wither, and every
leaf to fall off, except of fourteen trees, which are
not deciduous; which wait from the old, to the
appearance of the new leaf, for two or three
1Again they consider
the days of summer, that the sun is upon it at its
very beginning; while you seek for a covered and shady
spot on account of the burning sun; while the earth is
scorched up with fervid heat, and you become incapable
of walking either upon the ground or upon the rocks in
consequence of that heat.
1They consider how the
trees, when they put forth their green leaves, become
covered, and produce fruit; understanding everything,
and knowing that He who lives for ever does all these
things for you:
2That the works
at the beginning of every existing year, that all his
works, are subservient to him, and invariable; yet as
Elohim has appointed, so are all things brought to
3They see, too, how the
seas and the rivers together complete their respective
4But you endure
not patiently, nor fulfill the commandments of Yahuah;
but you transgress and calumniate his greatness;
and malignant are the words in your polluted mouths
against his Majesty.
5You withered in heart,
no peace shall be to you!
6Therefore your days
shall you curse, and the years of your lives shall
perish; perpetual execration shall be multiplied, and
you shall not obtain mercy.
7In those days shall
you resign your peace with the eternal maledictions of
all the righteous, and sinners shall perpetually
8Shall execrate you
with the unElohimly.
9The elect shall
possess light, joy, and peace; and they shall inherit
10But you, you
unqodesh, shall be accursed.
11Then shall wisdom be
given to the elect, all of whom shall live, and not
again transgress by impiety or pride; but shall humble
themselves, possessing prudence, and shall not repeat
12They shall not be
condemned the whole period of their lives, not die in
torment and indignation; but the sum of their days
shall be completed, and they shall grow old in peace;
while the years of their happiness shall be multiplied
with joy, and with peace, for ever, the whole duration
of their existence.
1It happened after the
sons of men had multiplied in those days, that
daughters were born to them, elegant and beautiful.
2And when the angels, (3)
the sons of heaven, beheld them, they became enamoured
of them, saying to each other, Come, let us select for
ourselves wives from the progeny of men, and let us
(3) An Aramaic text reads "Watchers"
here (J.T. Milik, Aramaic
Fragments of Qumran Cave 4 [Oxford:
Clarendon Press, 1976], p. 167).
3Then their leader
Samyaza said to them; I fear that you may perhaps be
indisposed to the performance of this enterprise;
4And that I alone shall
suffer for so grievous a crime.
5But they answered him
and said; We all swear;
6And bind ourselves by
mutual execrations, that we will not change our
intention, but execute our projected undertaking.
7Then they swore all
together, and all bound themselves by mutual
execrations. Their whole number was two hundred, who
descended upon Ardis, (4) which is the
top of mount Armon.
(4) Upon Ardis. Or, "in the
days of Jared" (R.H. Charles, ed. and trans., The Book of
Enoch [Oxford: Clarendon Press,
1893], p. 63).
therefore was called Armon, because they had sworn
upon it, (5) and bound themselves by
(5) Mt. Armon, or Mt. Hermon, derives
its name from the Hebrew word herem, a curse
(Charles, p. 63).
9These are the names of
their chiefs: Samyaza, who was their leader,
Urakabarameel, Akibeel, Tamiel, Ramuel, Danel, Azkeel,
Saraknyal, Asael, Armers, Batraal, Anane, Zavebe,
Samsaveel, Ertael, Turel, Yomyael, Arazyal. These were
the prefects of the two hundred angels, and the
remainder were all with them. (6)
(6) The Aramaic texts preserve an
earlier list of names of these Watchers: Semihazah;
Artqoph; Ramtel; Kokabel; Ramel; Danieal; Zeqiel;
Baraqel; Asael; Hermoni; Matarel; Ananel; Stawel;
Samsiel; Sahriel; Tummiel; Turiel; Yomiel; Yhaddiel
(Milik, p. 151).
10Then they took wives,
each choosing for himself; whom they began to
approach, and with whom they cohabited; teaching them
sorcery, incantations, and the dividing of roots and
11And the women
conceiving brought forth giants, (7)
(7) The Greek texts vary
considerably from the Ethiopic text here. One Greek
manuscript adds to this section, "And they [the women]
bore to them [the Watchers] three races–first, the
great giants. The giants brought forth [some say
"slew"] the Naphelim, and the Naphelim brought forth
[or "slew"] the Elioud. And they existed, increasing
in power according to their greatness." See the
account in the Book of Jubilees.
12Whose stature was
each three hundred cubits. These devoured all which
the labor of men produced; until it became
impossible to feed them;
13When they turned
themselves against men, in order to devour them;
14And began to injure
birds, beasts, reptiles, and fishes, to eat their
flesh one after another, (8) and to drink
(8) Their flesh
one after another. Or, "one
another’s flesh." R.H. Charles notes that this
phrase may refer to the destruction of one class
of giants by another (Charles, p. 65).
15Then the earth
reproved the unrighteous.
taught men to make swords, knives, shields,
breastplates, the fabrication of mirrors, and the
workmanship of bracelets and ornaments, the use of
paint, the beautifying of the eyebrows, the use of
stones of every valuable and select kind, and all
sorts of dyes, so that the world became altered.
fornication multiplied; and they transgressed and
corrupted all their ways.
3Amazarak taught all
the sorcerers, and dividers of roots:
the solution of sorcery;
5Barkayal taught the
observers of the stars, (9)
of the stars. Astrologers
(Charles, p. 67).
6Akibeel taught signs;
8And Asaradel taught
the motion of the moon,
9And men, being
destroyed, cried out; and their voice reached to
1Then Michael and
Gabriel, Raphael, Suryal, and Uriel, looked down from
heaven, and saw the quantity of blood which was shed
on earth, and all the iniquity which was done upon it,
and said one to another, It is the voice of
2The earth deprived of
her children has cried even to the gate of
3And now to you, O you
qodesh one of heaven, the souls of men complain,
saying, Obtain Justice for us with (10)
the Most High. Then they said to their Lord, the King,
You are Lord of lords, Elohim of Elohims, King
of kings. The throne of your glory is for ever and
ever, and for ever and ever is your name sanctified
and glorified. You are blessed and glorified.
justice for us with. Literally,
"Bring judgment to us from." (Richard Laurence,
ed. and trans., The Book of
Enoch the Prophet [London:
Kegan Paul, Trench & Co., 1883], p. 9).
4You have made all
things; you possess power over all things; and all
things are open and manifest before you. You behold
all things, and nothing can be concealed from you.
5You have seen what
Azazyel has done, how he has taught every species of
iniquity upon earth, and has disclosed to the world
all the secret things which are done in the heavens.
6Samyaza also has
taught sorcery, to whom you have given authority over
those who are associated with him. They have gone
together to the daughters of men; have lain with them;
have become polluted;
7And have discovered
crimes (11) to them.
crimes. Or, "revealed these sins"
(Charles, p. 70).
8The women likewise
have brought forth giants.
9Thus has the whole
earth been filled with blood and with iniquity.
10And now behold the
souls of those who are dead, cry out.
11And complain even to
the gate of heaven.
ascends; nor can they escape from the unrighteousness
which is committed on earth. You know all things,
before they exist.
13You know these
things, and what has been done by them; yet you do not
speak to us.
14What on account of
these things ought we to do to them?
1Then the Most High,
the Great and Qodesh One spoke,
2And sent Arsayalalyur
(12) to the son of Lamech,
(12) Arsayalalyur. Here one
Greek text reads "Uriel."
3Saying, Say to him in
my name, Conceal yourself.
4Then explain to him
the consummation which is about to take place; for all
the earth shall perish; the waters of a deluge shall
come over the whole earth, and all things which are in
it shall be destroyed.
5And now teach him how
he may escape, and how his seed may remain in all the
6Again Yahuah said to
Raphael, Bind Azazyel hand and foot; cast him into
darkness; and opening the desert which is in Dudael,
cast him in there.
7Throw upon him hurled
and pointed stones, covering him with darkness;
8There shall he remain
for ever; cover his face, that he may not see the
9And in the great day
of judgment let him be cast into the fire.
10Restore the earth,
which the angels have corrupted; and announce life to
it, that I may revive it.
11All the sons of men
shall not perish in consequence of every secret, by
which the Watchers have destroyed, and which they
have taught, their offspring.
12All the earth has
been corrupted by the effects of the teaching of
Azazyel. To him therefore ascribe the whole crime.
13To Gabriel also
Yahuah said, Go to the biters, (13) to the
reprobates, to the children of fornication; and
destroy the children of fornication, the offspring of
the Watchers, from among men; bring them forth, and
excite them one against another. Let them perish by mutual
slaughter; for length of days shall not be theirs.
(13) Biters. More
accurately, "bastards" (Charles, p. 73; Michael A.
Knibb, ed. and trans., The
Ethiopic Book of Enoch [Oxford:
Clarendon Press, 1978], p. 88).
14They shall all
entreat you, but their fathers shall not obtain their
wishes respecting them; for they shall hope for
eternal life, and that they may live, each of them,
five hundred years.
15To Michael likewise
Yahuah said, Go and announce his crime to
Samyaza, and to the others who are with him, who have
been associated with women, that they might be
polluted with all their impurity. And when all their
sons shall be slain, when they shall see the perdition
of their beloved, bind them for seventy generations
underneath the earth, even to the day of judgment, and
of consummation, until the judgment, the effect of
which will last for ever, be completed.
16Then shall they be
taken away into the lowest depths of the fire in
torments; and in confinement shall they be shut up for
this shall he, (14) together with them,
burn and perish; they shall be bound until the
consummation of many generations.
(14) He. I.e.,
18Destroy all the souls
addicted to dalliance, (15) and the
offspring of the Watchers, for they have tyrannized
(15) Dalliance. Or, "lust"
(Knibb, p. 90; cp. Charles, p. 76).
19Let every oppressor
perish from the face of the earth;
20Let every evil work
21The plant of
righteousness and of rectitude appear, and its produce
become a blessing.
rectitude shall be for ever planted with delight.
23And then shall all
the saints give thanks, and live until they have
begotten a thousand children, while the whole
period of their youth, and their sabbaths shall be
completed in peace. In those days all the earth shall
be cultivated in righteousness; it shall be wholly
planted with trees, and filled with benediction; every
tree of delight shall be planted in it.
24In it shall vines be
planted; and the vine which shall be planted in it
shall yield fruit to satiety; every seed, which shall
be sown in it, shall produce for one measure a
thousand; and one measure of olives shall produce ten
presses of oil.
25Purify the earth from
all oppression, from all injustice, from all crime,
from all impiety, and from all the pollution which is
committed upon it. Exterminate them from the earth.
26Then shall all the
children of men be righteous, and all nations shall
pay me divine honours, and bless me; and all shall
27The earth shall be
cleansed from all corruption, from every crime, from
all punishment, and from all suffering; neither will I
again send a deluge upon it from generation to
generation for ever.
28In those days I will
open the treasures of blessing which are in heaven,
that I may cause them to descend upon earth, and upon
all the works and labour of man.
29Peace and equity
shall associate with the sons of men all the days of
the world, in every generation of it.
(No Chapter 11)
1Before all these
things Enoch was concealed; nor did any one of the
sons of men know where he was concealed, where he had
been, and what had happened.
2He was wholly engaged
with the qodesh ones, and with the Watchers in his
3I, Enoch, was blessing
the great Lord and King of peace.
4And behold the
Watchers called me Enoch the scribe.
5Then Yahuah said
to me: Enoch, scribe of righteousness, go tell the
Watchers of heaven, who have deserted the lofty sky,
and their qodesh everlasting station, who have
been polluted with women.
6And have done as the
sons of men do, by taking to themselves wives, and who
have been greatly corrupted on the earth;
7That on the earth they
shall never obtain peace and remission of sin. For
they shall not rejoice in their offspring; they shall
behold the slaughter of their beloved; shall lament
for the destruction of their sons; and shall petition
for ever; but shall not obtain mercy and peace.
1Then Enoch, passing
on, said to Azazyel: You shalt not obtain peace. A
great sentence is gone forth against you. He shall
2Neither shall relief,
mercy, and supplication be yours, on account of the
oppression which you have taught;
3And on account of
every act of blasphemy, tyranny, and sin, which you
have discovered to the children of men.
4Then departing from
him I spoke to them all together;
5And they all became
terrified, and trembled;
6Beseeching me to write
for them a memorial of supplication, that they might
obtain forgiveness; and that I might make the memorial
of their prayer ascend up before the Elohim of heaven;
because they could not themselves thenceforwards
address him, nor raise up their eyes to heaven on
account of the disgraceful offence for which they were
7Then I wrote a
memorial of their prayer and supplications, for their
spirits, for everything which they had done, and for
the subject of their entreaty, that they might obtain
remission and rest.
8Proceeding on, I
continued over the waters of Danbadan, (16)
which is on the right to the west of Armon, reading
the memorial of their prayer, until I fell asleep.
(16) Danbadan. Dan in Dan
(Knibb, p. 94).
9And behold a dream
came to me, and visions appeared above me. I fell down
and saw a vision of punishment, that I might relate it
to the sons of heaven, and reprove them. When I awoke
I went to them. All being collected together stood
weeping in Oubelseyael, which is situated between
Libanos and Seneser, (17) with their faces
(17) Libanos and
Seneser. Lebanon and Senir (near
10I related in their
presence all the visions which I had seen, and my
11And began to utter
these words of righteousness, reproving the Watchers
1This is the book of
the words of righteousness, and of the reproof of the
Watchers, who belong to the world, (18)
according to that which He, who is qodesh and great,
commanded in the vision. I perceived in my dream, that
I was now speaking with a tongue of flesh, and with my
breath, which the Mighty One has put into the mouth of
men, that they might converse with it.
(18) Who belong
to the world. Or, "who
(are) from eternity" (Knibb, p. 95).
2And understand with
the heart. As he has created and given to men the
power of comprehending the word of
understanding, so has he created and given to me the
power of reproving the Watchers, the offspring
of heaven. I have written your petition; and in my
vision it has been shown me, that what you request
will not be granted you as long as the world endures.
3Judgment has been
passed upon you: your request will not be
4From this time
forward, never shall you ascend into heaven; He has
said, that on the earth He will bind you, as long as
the world endures.
5But before these
things you shall behold the destruction of your
beloved sons; you shall not possess them, but they
shall fall before you by the sword.
6Neither shall you
entreat for them, not for yourselves;
7But you shall weep and
supplicate in silence. The words of the book which I
(19) But you
shall weep…I wrote. Or, "Likewise
despite your tears and prayers you will receive
nothing whatever contained in the writing which I
have written" (Charles, p. 80).
8A vision thus appeared
9Behold, in that vision
clouds and a mist invited me; agitated stars and
flashes of lightning impelled and pressed me forwards,
while winds in the vision assisted my flight,
accelerating my progress.
10They elevated me
aloft to heaven. I proceeded, until I arrived at a
wall built with stones of crystal. A vibrating flame (20)
surrounded it, which began to strike me with terror.
flame. Literally, "a tongue of fire"
11Into this vibrating
flame I entered;
12And drew nigh to a
spacious habitation built also with stones of crystal.
Its walls too, as well as pavement, were formed
with stones of crystal, and crystal likewise was the
ground. Its roof had the appearance of agitated stars
and flashes of lightning; and among them were cherubim
of fire in a stormy sky. (21) A flame
burned around its walls; and its portal blazed with
fire. When I entered into this dwelling, it was hot as
fire and cold as ice. No trace of delight or
of life was there. Terror overwhelmed me, and a
fearful shaking seized me.
(21) In a stormy
sky. Literally, "and their heaven
was water" (Charles, p. 81).
and trembling, I fell upon my face. In the vision I
14And behold there was
another habitation more spacious than the former,
every entrance to which was open before me, erected in
the midst of a vibrating flame.
15So greatly did it
excel in all points, in glory, in magnificence, and in
magnitude, that it is impossible to describe to you
either the splendour or the extent of it.
16Its floor was on
fire; above were lightnings and agitated stars, while
its roof exhibited a blazing fire.
surveyed it, and saw that it contained an exalted
18The appearance of
which was like that of frost; while its circumference
resembled the orb of the brilliant sun; and there
was the voice of the cherubim.
19From underneath this
mighty throne rivers of flaming fire issued.
20To look upon it was
21One great in glory
sat upon it:
22Whose robe was
brighter than the sun, and whiter than snow.
23No angel was capable
of penetrating to view the face of Him, the Glorious
and the Effulgent; nor could any mortal behold Him. A
fire was flaming around Him.
24A fire also of great
extent continued to rise up before Him; so that not
one of those who surrounded Him was capable of
approaching Him, among the myriads of myriads (22)
who were before Him. To Him qodesh consultation was
needless. Yet did not the sanctified, who were near
Him, depart far from Him either by night or by day;
nor were they removed from Him. I also was so far
advanced, with a veil on my face, and trembling. Then
Yahuah with his own mouth called me, saying,
Approach hither, Enoch, at my qodesh word.
(22) Myriads of
myriads. Ten thousand times ten
thousands (Knibb, p. 99).
25And He raised me up,
making me draw near even to the entrance. My eye was
directed to the ground.
1Then addressing me, He
spoke and said, Hear, neither be afraid, O righteous
Enoch, you scribe of righteousness: approach hither,
and hear my voice. Go, say to the Watchers of heaven,
who have sent you to pray for them, You ought to pray
for men, and not men for you.
2Wherefore have you
forsaken the lofty and qodesh heaven, which endures
for ever, and have lain with women; have defile
yourselves with the daughters of men; have taken to
yourselves wives; have acted like the sons of the
earth, and have begotten an impious offspring? (23)
(23) An impious
"giants" (Charles, p. 82; Knibb, p. 101).
3You being spiritual,
qodesh, and possessing a life which is eternal, have
polluted yourselves with women; have begotten in
carnal blood; have lusted in the blood of men; and
have done as those who are flesh and blood
4These however die and
5Therefore have I given
to them wives, that they might cohabit with them; that
sons might be born of them; and that this might be
transacted upon earth.
6But you from the
beginning were made spiritual, possessing a life which
is eternal, and not subject to death for ever.
7Therefore I made not
wives for you, because, being spiritual, your dwelling
is in heaven.
8Now the giants, who
have been born of spirit and of flesh, shall be called
upon earth evil spirits, and on earth shall be their
habitation. Evil spirits shall proceed from their
flesh, because they were created from above; from the
qodesh Watchers was their beginning and primary
foundation. Evil spirits shall they be upon earth, and
the spirits of the wicked shall they be called. The
habitation of the spirits of heaven shall be in
heaven; but upon earth shall be the habitation of
terrestrial spirits, who are born on earth. (24)
(24) Note the many implications of
vss. 3-8 regarding the progeny of evil spirits.
9The spirits of the
giants shall be like clouds, (25)
which shall oppress, corrupt, fall, content, and
bruise upon earth.
(25) The Greek word for "clouds" here,
nephelas, may disguise
a more ancient reading, Napheleim (Nephilim).
10They shall cause
lamentation. No food shall they eat; and they shall be
thirsty; they shall be concealed, and shall not (26)
rise up against the sons of men, and against women;
for they come forth during the days of slaughter and
(26) Shall not. Nearly all
manuscripts contain this negative, but Charles,
Knibb, and others believe the "not" should be
deleted so the phrase reads "shall rise up."
1And as to the death of
the giants, wheresoever their spirits depart from
their bodies, let their flesh, that which is
perishable, be without judgment. (27) Thus
shall they perish, until the day of the great
consummation of the great world. A destruction shall
take place of the Watchers and the impious.
(27) Let their
flesh…be without judgment. Or, "their
flesh shall be destroyed before the judgment"
(Knibb, p. 102).
2And now to the
Watchers, who have sent you to pray for them, who in
the beginning were in heaven,
3Say, In heaven
have you been; secret things, however, have not been
manifested to you; yet have you known a reprobated
4And this you have
related to women in the hardness of your heart, and by
that mystery have women and mankind multiplied evils
upon the earth.
5Say to them, Never
therefore shall you obtain peace.
1They raised me up into
a certain place, where there was (28) the
appearance of a burning fire; and when they pleased
they assumed the likeness of men.
(28) Where there
was. Or, "where they [the angels]
were like" (Knibb, p. 103).
2They carried me to a
lofty spot, to a mountain, the top of which reach to
3And I beheld the
receptacles of light and of thunder at the extremities
of the place, where it was deepest. There was a bow of
fire, and arrows in their quiver, a sword of fire, and
every species of lightning.
4Then they elevated me
to a babbling stream, (29) and to a fire
in the west, which received all the setting of the
sun. I came to a river of fire, which flowed like
water, and emptied itself into the great sea
(29) To a
babbling stream. Literally,
"to water of life, which spoke" (Laurence, p. 23).
5I saw every large
river, until I arrived at the great darkness. I went
to where all of flesh migrate; and I beheld the
mountains of the gloom which constitutes winter, and
the place from which issues the water in every abyss.
6I saw also the mouths
of all the rivers in the world, and the mouths of the
1I then surveyed the
receptacles of all the winds, perceiving that they
contributed to adorn the whole creation, and to
preserve the foundation of the earth.
2I surveyed the stone which
supports the corners of the earth.
3I also beheld the four
winds, which bear up the earth, and the firmament of
4And I beheld the winds
occupying the exalted sky.
5Arising in the midst
of heaven and of earth, and constituting the pillars
6I saw the winds which
turn the sky, which cause the orb of the sun and of
all the stars to set; and over the earth I saw the
winds which support the clouds.
7I saw the path of the
8I perceived at the
extremity of the earth the firmament of heaven above
it. Then I passed on towards the south;
9Where burnt, both by
day and night, six mountains formed of glorious
stones; three towards the east, and three towards the
10Those which were
towards the east were of a variegated stone; one of
which was of margarite, and another of antimony. Those
towards the south were of a red stone. The middle one
reached to heaven like the throne of Elohim; a
throne composed of alabaster, the top of which
was of sapphire. I saw, too, a blazing fire hanging
over all the mountains.
11And there I saw a
place on the other side of an extended territory,
where waters were collected.
12I likewise beheld
terrestrial fountains, deep in the fiery columns of
13And in the columns of
heaven I beheld fires, which descended without number,
but neither on high, nor into the deep. Over these
fountains also I perceived a place which had neither
the firmament of heaven above it, nor the solid ground
underneath it; neither was there water above it; nor
anything on wing; but the spot was desolate.
14And there I beheld
seven stars, like great blazing mountains, and like
spirits entreating me.
15Then the angel said,
This place, until the consummation of heaven and
earth, will be the prison of the stars, and the host
16The stars which roll
over fire are those which transgressed the commandment
of Elohim before their time arrived; for they came not
in their proper season. Therefore was He offended with
them, and bound them, until the period of the
consummation of their crimes in the secret year.
1Then Uriel said, Here
the angels, who cohabited with women, appointed their
2And being numerous in
appearance (30) made men profane, and
caused them to err; so that they sacrificed to devils
as to Elohims. For in the great day there shall be
a judgment, with which they shall be judged, until
they are consumed; and their wives also shall be judged,
who led astray the angels of heaven that they might
numerous in appearance. Or, "assuming
many forms" (Knibb, p. 106).
3And I, Enoch, I alone
saw the likeness of the end of all things. Nor did any
human being see it, as I saw it.
1These are the names of
the angels who watch.
2Uriel, one of the
qodesh angels, who presides over clamor and
3Raphael, one of the
qodesh angels, who presides over the spirits
4Raguel, one of the
qodesh angels, who inflicts punishment on the world
and the luminaries.
5Michael, one of the
qodesh angels, who, presiding over human
virtue, commands the nations.
6Sarakiel, one of the
qodesh angels, who presides over the spirits
of the children of men that transgress.
7Gabriel, one of the
qodesh angels, who presides over Ikisat, (31)
over paradise, and over the cherubim.
(31) Ikisat. The serpents
(Charles, p. 92; Knibb, p. 107).
1Then I made a circuit
to a place in which nothing was completed.
2And there I beheld
neither the tremendous workmanship of an exalted
heaven, nor of an established earth, but a desolate
spot, prepared, and terrific.
3There, too, I beheld
seven stars of heaven bound in it together, like great
mountains, and like a blazing fire. I exclaimed, For
what species of crime have they been bound, and why
have they been removed to this place? Then Uriel, one
of the qodesh angels who was with me, and who
conducted me, answered: Enoch, wherefore do you ask;
wherefore do you reason with yourself, and
anxiously inquire? These are those of the stars which
have transgressed the commandment of the most high
Elohim; and are here bound, until the infinite number
of the days of their crimes be completed.
4From there I
afterwards passed on to another terrific place;
5Where I beheld the
operation of a great fire blazing and glittering, in
the midst of which there was a division. Columns of
fire struggled together to the end of the abyss, and
deep was their descent. But neither its measurement
nor magnitude was I able to discover; neither could I
perceive its origin. Then I exclaimed, How terrible is
this place, and how difficult to explore!
6Uriel, one of the
qodesh angels who was with me, answered and said:
Enoch, why are you alarmed and amazed at this terrific
place, at the sight of this place of
suffering? This, he said, is the prison of the angels;
and here they are kept for ever.
1From there I proceeded
to another spot, where I saw on the west a great and
lofty mountain, a strong rock, and four delightful
2Internally it was
deep, capacious, and very smooth; as smooth as if it
had been rolled over: it was both deep and dark to
3Then Raphael, one of
the qodesh angels who were with me, answered and said,
These are the delightful places where the spirits, the
souls of the dead, will be collected; for them were
they formed; and here will be collected all the souls
of the sons of men.
4These places, in which
they dwell, shall they occupy until the day of
judgment, and until their appointed period.
5Their appointed period
will be long, even until the great judgment. And I saw
the spirits of the sons of men who were dead; and
their voices reached to heaven, while they were
6Then I inquired of
Raphael, an angel who was with me, and said, Whose
spirit is that, the voice of which reaches to
heaven, and accuses?
7He answered, saying,
This is the spirit of Abel who was slain by Cain his
brother; and who will accuse that brother, until his
seed be destroyed from the face of the earth;
8Until his seed perish
from the seed of the human race.
9At that time therefore
I inquired respecting him, and respecting the general
judgment, saying, Why is one separated from another?
He answered, Three separations have been made
between the spirits of the dead, and thus have the
spirits of the righteous been separated.
10Namely, by a
chasm, by water, and by light above
11And in the same way
likewise are sinners separated when they die, and are
buried in the earth; judgment not overtaking them in
12Here their souls are
separated. Moreover, abundant is their suffering until
the time of the great judgment, the castigation, and
the torment of those who eternally execrate, whose
souls are punished and bound there for ever.
13And thus has it been
from the beginning of the world. Thus has there
existed a separation between the souls of those who
utter complaints, and of those who watch for their
destruction, to slaughter them in the day of sinners.
14A receptacle of this
sort has been formed for the souls of unrighteous men,
and of sinners; of those who have completed crime, and
associated with the impious, whom they resemble. Their
souls shall not be annihilated in the day of judgment,
neither shall they arise from this place. Then I
15And said, Blessed by
my Lord, Yahuah of glory and of righteousness, who
reigns over all for ever and for ever.
1From there I went to
another place, towards the west, unto the extremities
of the earth.
2Where I beheld a fire
blazing and running along without cessation, which
intermitted its course neither by day nor by night;
but continued always the same.
3I inquired, saying,
What is this, which never ceases?
4Then Raguel, one of
the qodesh angels who were with me, answered,
5And said, This blazing
fire, which you behold running towards the west, is that
of all the luminaries of heaven.
1I went from there to
another place, and saw a mountain of fire flashing
both by day and night. I proceeded towards it; and
perceived seven splendid mountains, which were all
different from each other.
2Their stones were
brilliant and beautiful; all were brilliant and
splendid to behold; and beautiful was their surface.
Three mountains were towards the east, and
strengthened by being placed one upon another; and
three were towards the south, strengthened in a
similar manner. There were likewise deep valleys,
which did not approach each other. And the seventh
mountain was in the midst of them. In length they all
resembled the seat of a throne, and odoriferous trees
3Among these there was
a tree of an unceasing smell; nor of those which were
in Eden was there one of all the fragrant trees which
smelt like this. Its leaf, its flower, and its bark
never withered, and its fruit was beautiful.
4Its fruit resembled
the cluster of the palm. I exclaimed, Behold! This
tree is goodly in aspect, pleasing in its leaf, and
the sight of its fruit is delightful to the eye. Then
Michael, one of the qodesh and glorious angels who
were with me, and one who presided over them,
5And said: Enoch, why
do you inquire respecting the odour of this tree?
6Why are you
inquisitive to know it?
7Then I, Enoch, replied
to him, and said, Concerning everything I am desirous
of instruction, but particularly concerning this tree.
8He answered me,
saying, That mountain which you behold, the extent of
whose head resembles the seat of Yahuah, will be the
seat on which shall sit the qodesh and great Lord of
glory, the everlasting King, when he shall come and
descend to visit the earth with goodness.
9And that tree of an
agreeable smell, not one of carnal odor, there
shall be no power to touch, until the period of the
great judgment. When all shall be punished and
consumed for ever, this shall be bestowed on the
righteous and humble. The fruit of the tree
shall be given to the elect. For towards the north
life shall be planted in the qodesh place, towards the
habitation of the everlasting King.
10Then shall they
greatly rejoice and exult in the Qodesh One. The sweet
odor shall enter into their bones; and they shall live
a long life on the earth as your forefathers have
lived; neither in their days shall sorrow, distress,
trouble, and punishment afflict them.
11And I blessed Yahuah
of glory, the everlasting King, because He has
prepared this tree for the saints, formed it,
and declared that He would give it to them.
1From there I proceeded
to the middle of the earth, and beheld a happy and
fertile spot, which contained branches continually
sprouting from the trees which were planted in it.
There I saw a qodesh mountain, and underneath it water
on the eastern side, which flowed towards the south. I
saw also on the east another mountain as high as that;
and between them there were deep, but not wide
2Water ran towards the
mountain to the west of this; and underneath there was
likewise another mountain.
3There was a valley,
but not a wide one, below it; and in the midst of them
were other deep and dry valleys towards the extremity
of the three. All these valleys, which were deep, but
not side, consisted of a strong rock, with a tree
which was planted in them. And I wondered at the rock
and at the valleys, being extremely surprised.
1Then I said, What
means this blessed land, all these lofty trees, and
the accursed valley between them?
2Then Uriel, one of the
qodesh angels who were with me, replied, This valley
is the accursed of the accursed for ever. Here shall
be collected all who utter with their mouths
unbecoming language against Elohim, and speak harsh
things of His glory. Here shall they be collected.
Here shall be their territory.
3In the latter days an
example of judgment shall be made of them in
righteousness before the saints; while those who have
received mercy shall for ever, all their days, bless
Elohim, the everlasting King.
4And at the period of
judgment shall they bless Him for his mercy, as He has
distributed it to them. Then I blessed Elohim,
addressing myself to Him, and making mention, as was
meet, of His greatness.
1From there I proceeded
towards the east to the middle of the mountain in the
desert, the level surface only of which I perceived.
2It was full of trees
of the seed alluded to; and water leaped down upon it.
3There appeared a
cataract composed as of many cataracts both towards
the west and towards the east. Upon one side were
trees; upon the other water and dew.
1Then I went to another
place from the desert; towards the east of that
mountain which I had approached.
2There I beheld choice
trees, (32) particularly, those which
produce the sweet-smelling opiate, frankincense
and myrrh; and trees unlike to each other.
trees. Literally, "trees of judgment"
(Laurence, p. 35; Knibb, p. 117).
3And over it, above
them, was the elevation of the eastern mountain at no
1I likewise saw another
place with valleys of water which never wasted,
perceived a goodly tree, which in smell resembled
(33) Zasakinon. The mastic
tree (Knibb, p. 118).
3And towards the sides
of these valleys I perceived cinnamon of a sweet
odour. Over them I advanced towards the east.
1Then I beheld another
mountain containing trees, from which water flowed
like Neketro, (34) Its name was Sarira,
and Kalboneba. (35) And upon this mountain
I beheld another mountain, upon which were trees of
(34) Neketro. A nectar
(Knibb, p. 119).
(35) Sarira, and Kalboneba. Styrax and
galbanum (Knibb, p. 119).
(36) Alva. Aloe (Knibb,
2These trees were full,
like almond trees, and strong; and when they produced
fruit, it was superior to all redolence.
1After these things,
surveying the entrances of the north, above the
mountains, I perceived seven mountains replete with
pure nard, odoriferous trees, cinnamon and papyrus.
2From there I passed on
above the summits of those mountains to some distance
eastwards, and went over the Erythraean sea. (37)
And when I was advanced far beyond it, I passed along
above the angel Zateel, and arrived at the garden of
righteousness. In this garden I beheld, among other
trees, some which were numerous and large, and which
sea. The Red Sea.
3Their fragrance was
agreeable and powerful, and their appearance both
varied and elegant. The tree of knowledge also was
there, of which if any one eats, he becomes endowed
with great wisdom.
4It was like a species
of the tamarind tree, bearing fruit which resembled
grapes extremely fine; and its fragrance extended to a
considerable distance. I exclaimed, How beautiful is
this tree, and how delightful is its appearance!
5Then qodesh Raphael,
an angel who was with me, answered and said, This is
the tree of knowledge, of which your ancient father
and your aged mother ate, who were before you; and
who, obtaining knowledge, their eyes being opened, and
knowing themselves to be naked, were expelled from the
1From there I went on
towards the extremities of the earth; where I saw
large beasts different from each other, and birds
various in their countenances and forms, as well as
with notes of different sounds.
2To the east of these
beasts I perceived the extremities of the earth, where
heaven ceased. The gates of heaven stood open, and I
beheld the celestial stars come forth. I numbered them
as they proceeded out of the gate, and wrote them all
down, as they came out one by one according to their
number. I wrote down their names altogether,
their times and their seasons, as the angel Uriel, who
was with me, pointed them out to me.
3He showed them all to
me, and wrote down an account of them.
4He also wrote down for
me their names, their regulations, and their
1From there I advanced
on towards the north, to the extremities of the earth.
2And there I saw a
great and glorious wonder at the extremities of the
3I saw there heavenly
gates opening into heaven; three of them distinctly
separated. The northern winds proceeded from them,
blowing cold, hail, frost, snow, dew, and rain.
4From one of the gates
they blew mildly; but when they blew from the two other
gates, it was with violence and force. They blew
over the earth strongly.
1From there I went to
the extremities of the world westwards;
2Where I perceived
three gates open, as I had seen in the north; the
gates and passages through them being of equal
1Then I proceeded to
the extremities of the earth southwards; where I saw
three gates open to the south, from which issued dew,
rain, and wind.
2From there I went to
the extremities of heaven eastwards; where I saw three
heavenly gates open to the east, which had smaller
gates within them. Through each of these small gates
the stars of heaven passed on, and proceeded towards
the west by a path which was seen by them, and that at
every period of their appearance.
3When I beheld them,
I blessed; every time in which they appeared,
I blessed Yahuah of glory, who had made those great
and splendid signs, that they might display the
magnificence of this works to angels and to the souls
of men; and that these might glorify all his works and
operations; might see the effect of his power; might
glorify the great labour of his hands; and bless him
(No Chapter 36)
1The vision which he
saw, the second vision of wisdom, which Enoch saw, the
son of Jared, the son of Malaleel, the son of Canan,
the son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son of Adam.
This is the commencement of the word of wisdom, which
I received to declare and tell to those who dwell upon
earth. Hear from the beginning, and understand to the
end, the qodesh things which I utter in the presence
of Yahuah of spirits. Those who were before us
thought it good to speak;
2And let not us, who
come after, obstruct the beginning of wisdom. Until
the present period never has there been given before
Yahuah of spirits that which I have received, wisdom
according the capacity of my intellect, and according
to the pleasure of Yahuah of spirits; that which I
have received from him, a portion of life eternal.
3And I obtained three
parables, which I declared to the inhabitants of the
1Parable the first.
When the congregation of the righteous shall be
manifested; and sinners be judged for their crimes,
and be troubled in the sight of the world;
shall be manifested (38) in the presence
of the righteous themselves, who will be elected for
their good works duly weighed by
Yahuah of spirits; and when the light of the righteous
and the elect, who dwell on earth, shall be
manifested; where will the habitation of sinners be?
And where the place of rest for those who have
rejected Yahuah of spirits? It would have been better
for them, had they never been born.
righteousness shall be manifested. Or, "when the
Righteous One appears" (Knibb, p. 125; cp.
Charles, p. 112).
3When, too, the secrets
of the righteous shall be revealed, then shall sinners
be judged; and impious men shall be afflicted in the
presence of the righteous and the elect.
4From that period those
who possess the earth shall cease to be powerful and
exalted. Neither shall they be capable of beholding
the countenances of the qodesh; for the light of the
countenances of the qodesh, the righteous, and the
elect, has been seen by Yahuah of spirits. (39)
(39) For the
light…Lord of spirits. Or, "for the
light of Yahuah of spirits will have appeared on
the face of the qodesh, the righteous, and the
chosen" (Knibb, p. 126).
5Yet shall not the
mighty kings of that period be destroyed; but be
delivered into the hands of the righteous and the
shall any obtain commiseration from Yahuah of spirits,
because their lives in this world will have
1In those days shall
the elect and qodesh race descend from the upper
heavens, and their seed shall then be with the sons of
men. Enoch received books of indignation and wrath,
and books of hurry and agitation.
2Never shall they
obtain mercy, saith Yahuah of spirits.
3A cloud then snatched
me up, and the wind raised me above the surface of the
earth, placing me at the extremity of the heavens.
4There I saw another
vision; I saw the habitations and resting
places of the saints. There my eyes beheld their
habitations with the angels, and their resting places
with the qodesh ones. They were entreating,
supplicating, and praying for the sons of men; while
righteousness like water flowed before them, and mercy
like dew was scattered over the earth. And
thus shall it be with them for ever and for
5At that time my eyes
beheld the dwelling of the elect, of truth, faith, and
6Countless shall be the
number of the qodesh and the elect, in the presence of
Elohim for ever and for ever.
7Their residence I
beheld under the wings of Yahuah of spirits. All the
qodesh and the elect sung before him, in appearance
like a blaze of fire; their mouths being full of
blessings, and their lips glorifying the name of
Yahuah of spirits. And righteousness incessantly dwelt
8There was I desirous
of remaining, and my soul longed for that habitation.
There was my antecedent inheritance; for thus had I
prevailed before Yahuah of spirits.
9At that time I
glorified and extolled the name of Yahuah of spirits
with blessing and with praise; for he has established
it with blessing and with praise, according to his own
10That place long did
my eyes contemplate. I blessed and said, Blessed be
he, blessed from the beginning for ever. In the
beginning, before the world was created, and without
end is his knowledge.
11What is this world?
Of every existing generation those shall bless you who
do not spiritually sleep but stand before your
glory, blessing, glorifying, exalting you, and saying,
The qodesh, qodesh, Lord of spirits, fills the whole
world of spirits.
12There my eyes beheld
all who, without sleeping, stand before him and bless
him, saying, Blessed be you, and blessed be the name
of Elohim for ever and for ever. Then my countenance
became changed, until I was incapable of seeing.
1After this I beheld
thousands of thousands, and myriads of myriads, and an
infinite number of people, standing before Yahuah of
2On the four wings
likewise of Yahuah of spirits, on the four sides, I
perceived others, besides those who were standing before
him. Their names, too, I know; because the
angel, who proceeded with me, declared them to me,
discovering to me every secret thing.
3Then I heard the
voices of those upon the four sides magnifying Yahuah
4The first voice
blessed Yahuah of spirits for ever and for ever.
5The second voice I
heard blessing the Elect One, and the elect who suffer
on account of Yahuah of spirits.
6The third voice I
heard petitioning and praying for those who dwell upon
earth, and supplicate the name of Yahuah of spirits.
7The fourth voice I
heard expelling the impious angels, (40)
and prohibiting them from entering into the presence
of Yahuah of spirits, to prefer accusations against (41)
the inhabitants of the earth.
angels. Literally, "the Satans"
(Laurence, p. 45; Knibb, p. 128). Ha-satan in Hebrew
("the adversary") was originally the title of an
office, not the name of an angel.
(41) Prefer accusations against. Or, "to
accuse" (Charles, p. 119).
8After this I besought
the angel of peace, who proceeded with me, to explain
all that was concealed. I said to him, Who are those whom
I have seen on the four sides, and who words I have
heard and written down? He replied, The first is the
merciful, the patient, the qodesh Michael.
9The second is he who presides
over every suffering and every affliction of the sons
of men, the qodesh Raphael. The third, who presides
over all that is powerful, is Gabriel. And the fourth,
who presides over repentance, and the hope of
those who will inherit eternal life, is Phanuel. These
are the four angels of the most high Elohim, and their
four voices, which at that time I heard.
1After this I beheld
the secrets of the heavens and of paradise, according
to its divisions; and of human action, as they weight
it there in balances. I saw the habitations of the
elect, and the habitations of the qodesh. And there my
eyes beheld all the sinners, who denied Yahuah of
glory, and whom they were expelling from there, and
dragging away, as they stood there; no
punishment proceeding against them from Yahuah of
2There, too, my eyes
beheld the secrets of the lightning and the thunder;
and the secrets of the winds, how they are distributed
as they blow over the earth: the secrets of the winds,
of the dew, and of the clouds. There I perceived the
place from which they issued forth, and became
saturated with the dust of the earth.
3There I saw the wooden
receptacles out of which the winds became separated,
the receptacle of hail, the receptacle of snow, the
receptacle of the clouds, and the cloud itself, which
continued over the earth before the creation of
4I beheld also the
receptacles of the moon, whence they came, whither
they proceeded, their glorious return, and how one
became more splendid than another. I marked
their rich progress, their unchangeable progress,
their disunited and undiminished progress; their
observance of a mutual fidelity by a stable oath;
their proceeding forth before the sun, and their
adherence to the path allotted them, (42)
in obedience to the command of Yahuah of spirits.
Potent is his name for ever and for ever.
proceeding forth…path allotted them. Or, "the sun
goes out first and completes its journey" (Knibb,
p. 129; cp. Charles, p. 122).
5After this I
perceived, that the path both concealed
and manifest of the moon, as well as the progress of
its path, was there completed by day and by night;
while each, one with another, looked towards Yahuah of
spirits, magnifying and praising without cessation,
since praise to them is rest; for in the splendid sun
there is a frequent conversion to blessing and to
6The course of the
moon’s path to the righteous is light, but to sinners
it is darkness; in the name of Yahuah of spirits, who
created a division between light and darkness,
and, separating the spirits of men, strengthened the
spirits of the righteous in the name of his own
7Nor does the angel
prevent this, neither is he endowed with the
power of preventing it; for the Judge beholds them
all, and judges them all in his own presence.
1Wisdom found not a
place on earth where she could inhabit; her
dwelling therefore is in heaven.
2Wisdom went forth to
dwell among the sons of men, but she obtained not a
habitation. Wisdom returned to her place, and seated
herself in the midst of the angels. But iniquity went
forth after her return, who unwillingly found a
habitation, and resided among them, as
rain in the desert, and as a dew in a thirsty land.
1I beheld another
splendour, and the stars of heaven. I observed that he
called them all by their respective names, and that
they heard. In a righteous balance I saw that he
weighed out with their light the amplitude of their
places, and the day of their appearance, and their
conversion. Splendour produced splendour; and their
conversion was into the number of the angels,
and of the faithful.
2Then I inquired of the
angel, who proceeded with me, and explained to me
secret things, What their names were. He
answered. A similitude of those has Yahuah of spirits
shown you. They are names of the righteous who dwell
upon earth, and who believe in the name of Yahuah of
spirits for ever and for ever.
also I saw respecting splendour; that it rises out of
the stars, and becomes splendour; being incapable of
1Parable the second,
respecting these who deny the name of the habitation
of the qodesh ones, and of Yahuah of spirits.
2Heaven they shall not
ascend, nor shall they come on the earth. This shall
be the portion of sinners, who deny the name of Yahuah
of spirits, and who are thus reserved for the day of
punishment and of affliction.
3In that day shall the
Elect One sit upon a throne of glory; and shall choose
their conditions and countless habitations, while
their spirits within them shall be strengthened, when
they behold my Elect One, for those who have fled for
protection to my qodesh and glorious name.
4In that day I will
cause my Elect One to dwell in the midst of them; will
change the face of heaven; will bless it, and
illuminate it for ever.
5I will also change the
face of the earth, will bless it; and cause
those whom I have elected to dwell upon it. But those
who have committed sin and iniquity shall not inhabit
it, for I have marked their proceedings. My righteous
ones will I satisfy with peace, placing them before
me; but the condemnation of sinners shall draw near,
that I may destroy them from the face of the earth.
1There I beheld the
Ancient of days, whose head was like white wool, and
with him another, whose countenance resembled that of
man. His countenance was full of grace, like that
of one of the qodesh angels. Then I inquired of
one of the angels, who went with me, and who showed me
every secret thing, concerning this Son of man; who he
was; whence he was and why he accompanied the Ancient
2He answered and said
to me, This is the Son of man, to whom righteousness
belongs; with whom righteousness has dwelt; and who
will reveal all the treasures of that which is
concealed: for Yahuah of spirits has chosen him; and
his portion has surpassed all before Yahuah of spirits
in everlasting uprightness.
3This Son of man, whom
you behold, shall raise up kings and the mighty from
their dwelling places, and the powerful from their
thrones; shall loosen the bridles of the powerful, and
break in pieces the teeth of sinners.
4He shall hurl kings
from their thrones and their dominions; because they
will not exalt and praise him, nor humble themselves before
him, by whom their kingdoms were granted to
them. The countenance likewise of the mighty shall He
cast down, filling them with confusion. Darkness shall
be their habitation, and worms shall be their bed; nor
from that their bed shall they hope to be
again raised, because they exalted not the name of
Yahuah of spirits.
5They shall condemn the
stars of heaven, shall lift up their hands against the
Most High, shall tread upon and inhabit the earth,
exhibiting all their acts of iniquity, even their
works of iniquity. Their strength shall be in their
riches, and their faith in the Elohims whom they have
formed with their own hands. They shall deny the name
of Yahuah of spirits, and shall expel him from the
temples, in which they assemble;
6And with him
the faithful, (43) who suffer in the name
of Yahuah of spirits.
(43) Shall expel
him…the faithful. Or, "will be
driven from the houses of his congregation, and of
the faithful" (Knibb, p. 132; cp. Charles, p.
1In that day the prayer
of the qodesh and the righteous, and the blood of the
righteous, shall ascend from the earth into the
presence of Yahuah of spirits.
2In that day shall the
qodesh ones assemble, who dwell above the heavens, and
with united voice petition, supplicate, praise, laud,
and bless the name of Yahuah of spirits, on account of
the blood of the righteous which has been shed; that
the prayer of the righteous may not be intermitted
before Yahuah of spirits; that for them he would
execute judgment; and that his patience may not endure
for ever. (44)
(44) That his
patience…endure for ever. Or, "(that)
their patience may not have to last for ever"
(Knibb, p. 133).
3At that time I beheld
the Ancient of days, while he sat upon the throne of
his glory, while the book of the living was
opened in his presence, and while all the
powers which were above the heavens stood around and
4Then were the hearts
of the saints full of joy, because the consummation of
righteousness was arrived, the supplication of the
saints heard, and the blood of the righteous
appreciated by Yahuah of spirits.
1In that place I beheld
a fountain of righteousness, which never failed,
encircled by many springs of wisdom. Of these all the
thirsty drank, and were filled with wisdom, having
their habitation with the righteous, the elect, and
2In that hour was this
Son of man invoked before Yahuah of spirits, and his
name in the presence of the Ancient of days.
3Before the sun and the
signs were created, before the stars of heaven were
formed, his name was invoked in the presence of Yahuah
of spirits. A support shall he be for the righteous
and the qodesh to lean upon, without falling; and he
shall be the light of nations.
4He shall be the hope
of those whose hearts are troubled. All, who dwell on
earth, shall fall down and worship before him; shall
bless and glorify him, and sing praises to the name of
Yahuah of spirits.
5Therefore the Elect
and the Concealed One existed in his presence, before
the world was created, and for ever.
6In his presence he
existed, and has revealed to the saints and to
the righteous the wisdom of Yahuah of spirits; for he
has preserved the lot of the righteous, because they
have hated and rejected this world of iniquity, and
have detested all its works and ways, in the name of
Yahuah of spirits.
7For in his name shall
they be preserved; and his will shall be their life.
In those days shall the kings of the earth and the
mighty men, who have gained the world by their
achievements, become humble in countenance.
8For in the day of
their anxiety and trouble their souls shall not be
saved; and they shall be in subjection to
those whom I have chosen.
9I will cast them like
hay into the fire, and like lead into the water. Thus
shall they burn in the presence of the righteous, and
sink in the presence of the qodesh; nor shall a tenth
part of them be found.
10But in the day of
their trouble, the world shall obtain tranquillity.
11In his presence shall
they fall, and not be raised up again; nor shall there
be any one to take them out of his hands, and to lift
them up: for they have denied Yahuah of spirits, and
his Messiah. The name of Yahuah of spirits shall be
(45) Two consecutive chapters are
1Wisdom is poured forth
like water, and glory fails not before him for ever
and ever; for potent is he in all the secrets of
2But iniquity passes
away like a shadow, and possesses not a fixed station:
for the Elect One stands before Yahuah of spirits; and
his glory is for ever and ever; and his power from
generation to generation.
3With him dwells the
spirit of intellectual wisdom, the spirit of
instruction and of power, and the spirit of those who
sleep in righteousness; he shall judge secret things.
4Nor shall any be able
to utter a single word before him; for the Elect One
is in the presence of Yahuah of Spirits, according to
his own pleasure.
1In those days the
saints and the chosen shall undergo a change. The
light of day shall rest upon them; and the splendour
and glory of the saints shall be changed.
2In the day of trouble
evil shall be heaped up upon sinners; but the
righteous shall triumph in the name of Yahuah of
3Others shall be made
to see, that they must repent, and forsake the works
of their hands; and that glory awaits them not in the
presence of Yahuah of spirits; yet that by his name
they may be saved. Yahuah of spirits will have
compassion on them; for great is his mercy; and
righteousness is in his judgment, and in the presence
of his glory; nor in his judgment shall iniquity
stand. He who repents not before him shall perish.
4Henceforward I will
not have mercy on them, saith Yahuah of spirits.
1In those days shall
the earth deliver up from her womb, and hell deliver
up from hers, that which it has received; and
destruction shall restore that which it owes.
2He shall select the
righteous and qodesh from among them; for the day of
their salvation has approached.
3And in those days
shall the Elect One sit upon his throne, while every
secret of intellectual wisdom shall proceed from his
mouth, for Yahuah of spirits has gifted and glorified
4In those days the
mountains shall skip like rams, and the hills shall
leap like young sheep (46) satiated with
milk; and all the righteous shall become like
angels in heaven.
(46) Cp. Psalm 114:4
shall be bright with joy; for in those days shall the
Elect One be exalted. The earth shall rejoice; the
righteous shall inhabit it, and the elect possess it.
1After that period, in
the place where I had seen every secret sight, I was
snatched up in a whirlwind, and carried off westwards.
2There my eyes beheld
the secrets of heaven, and all which existed on earth;
a mountain of iron, a mountain of copper, a mountain
of silver, a mountain of gold, a mountain of fluid
metal, and a mountain of lead.
3And I inquired of the
angel who went with me, saying, What are these things,
which in secret I behold?
4He said, All these
things which you behold shall be for the dominion of
the Messiah, that he may command, and be powerful upon
5And that angel of
peace answered me, saying, Wait but a short time, and
you shalt understand, and every secret thing shall be
revealed to you, which Yahuah of spirits has decreed.
Those mountains which you have seen, the mountain of
iron, the mountain of copper, the mountain of silver,
the mountain of gold, the mountain of fluid metal, and
the mountain of lead, all these in the presence of the
Elect One shall be like a honeycomb before the fire,
and like water descending from above upon these
mountains; and shall become debilitated before his
6In those days men
shall not be saved by gold and by silver.
7Nor shall they have it
in their power to secure themselves, and to fly.
8There shall be neither
iron for was, nor a coat of mail for the breast.
9Copper shall be
useless; useless also that which neither rusts nor
consumes away; and lead shall not be coveted.
10All these things
shall be rejected, and perish from off the earth, when
the Elect One shall appear in the presence of Yahuah
1There my eyes beheld a
deep valley; and wide was its entrance.
2All who dwell on land,
on the sea, and in islands, shall bring to it gifts,
presents, and offerings; yet that deep valley shall
not be full. Their hands shall commit iniquity.
Whatsoever they produce by labour, the sinners shall
devour with crime. But they shall perish from the face
of Yahuah of spirits, and from the face of his earth.
They shall stand up, and shall not fail for ever and
3I beheld the angels of
punishment, who were dwelling there, and
preparing every instrument of Satan.
4Then I inquired of the
angel of peace, who proceeded with me, for whom those
instruments were preparing.
5He said, These they
are preparing for the kings and powerful ones of the
earth, that thus they may perish.
6After which the
righteous and chosen house of his congregation shall
appear, and thenceforward unchangeable in the name of
Yahuah of spirits.
7Nor shall those
mountains exist in his presence as the earth and the
hills, as the fountains of water exist. And
the righteous shall be relieved from the vexation of
1Then I looked and
turned myself to another part of the earth, where I
beheld a deep valley burning with fire.
2To this valley they
brought monarchs and the mighty.
3And there my eyes
beheld the instruments which they were making, fetters
of iron without weight. (47)
weight. Or, "of immeasurable weight"
(Knibb, p. 138).
4Then I inquired of the
angel of peace, who proceeded with me, saying, For
whom are these fetters and instruments prepared?
5He replied, These are
prepared for the host of Azazeel, that they may be
delivered over and adjudged to the lowest
condemnation; and that their angels may be overwhelmed
with hurled stones, as Yahuah of spirits has
6Michael and Gabriel,
Raphael and Phanuel shall be strengthened in that day,
and shall then cast them into a furnace of blazing
fire, that Yahuah of spirits may be avenged of them
for their crimes; because they became ministers of
Satan, and seduced those who dwell upon earth.
7In those days shall
punishment go forth from Yahuah of spirits; and the
receptacles of water which are above the heavens shall
be opened, and the fountains likewise, which are under
the heavens and under the earth.
8All the waters, which
are in the heavens and above them, shall be mixed
9The water which is
above heaven shall be the agent; (48)
(48) Agent. Literally,
"male" (Laurence, p. 61).
10And the water which
is under the earth shall be the recipient: (49)
and all shall be destroyed who dwell upon earth, and
who dwell under the extremities of heaven.
(49) Recipient. Literally,
"female" (Laurence, p. 61).
11By these means shall
they understand the iniquity which they have committed
on earth: and by these means shall they perish.
1Afterwards the Ancient
of days repented, and said, In vain have I destroyed
all the inhabitants of the earth.
2And he sware by his
great name, saying, Henceforwards I will not
act thus towards all those who dwell upon earth.
3But I will place a
sign in the heavens; (50) and it shall be
a faithful witness between me and them for ever, as
long as the days of heaven and earth last upon the
(50) Cp. Gen. 9:13, "I do set my
bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a
covenant between me and the earth."
to this my decree, when I shall be disposed to seize
them beforehand, by the instrumentality of angels, in
the day of affliction and trouble, my wrath and my
punishment shall remain upon them, my punishment and
my wrath, saith Elohim Yahuah of spirits.
5O you kings, O you
mighty, who inhabit the world you shall behold my
Elect One, sitting upon the throne of my glory. And he
shall judge Azazeel, all his associates, and all his
hosts, in the name of Yahuah of spirits.
6There likewise I
beheld hosts of angels who were moving in punishment,
confined in a net-work of iron and brass. Then I
inquired of the angel of peace, who proceeded with me,
To whom those under confinement were going.
7He said, To each of
their elect and their beloved, (51) that
they may be cast into the fountains and deep recesses
of the valley.
(51) To each
of…their beloved. Or, "Each to
his own chosen ones and to his own beloved ones"
(Knibb, p. 139).
8And that valley shall
be filled with their elect and beloved; the days of
whose life shall be consumed, but the days of their
error shall be innumerable.
9Then shall princes (52)
combine together, and conspire. The chiefs of the
east, among the Parthians and Medes, shall remove
kings, in whom a spirit of perturbation shall enter.
They shall hurl them from their thrones, springing as
lions from their dens, and like famished wolves into
the midst of the flock.
(52) Princes. Or, "angels"
(Charles, p. 149; Knibb, p. 140).
10They shall go up, and
tread upon the land of their elect. The land of their
elect shall be before them. The threshing-floor, the
path, and the city of my righteous people
shall impede the progress of their horses.
They shall rise up to destroy each other; their right
hand shall be strengthened; nor shall a man
acknowledge his friend or his brother;
11Nor the son his
father and his mother; until the number of the dead
bodies shall be completed, by their death and
punishment. Neither shall this take place without
12In those days shall
the mouth of hell be opened, into which they shall be
immerged; hell shall destroy and swallow up sinners
from the face of the elect.
1After this I beheld
another army of chariots with men riding in them.
2And they came upon the
wind from the east, from the west, and from the south.
(53) From the
south. Literally, "from the midst of
the day" (Laurence, p. 63).
3The sound of the noise
of their chariots was heard.
4And when that
agitation took place; the saints out of heaven
perceived it; the pillar of the earth shook from its
foundation; and the sound was heard from the
extremities of the earth unto the extremities of
heaven at the same time.
5Then they all fell
down, and worshipped Yahuah of spirits.
6This is the end of the
1I now began to utter
the third parable, concerning the saints and the
2Blessed are you, O
saints and elect, for glorious is your lot.
3The saints shall exist
in the light of the sun, and the elect in the light of
everlasting life, the days of whose life shall never
terminate; nor shall the days of the saints be
numbered, who seek for light, and obtain righteousness
with Yahuah of spirits.
4Peace be to the saints
with Yahuah of the world.
5Henceforward shall the
saints be told to seek in heaven the secrets of
righteousness, the portion of faith; for like the sun
has it arisen upon the earth, while darkness has
passed away. There shall be light interminable; nor
shall they enter upon the enumeration of time; for
darkness shall be previously destroyed, and light
shall increase before Yahuah of spirits; before Yahuah
of spirits shall the light of uprightness increase for
1In those days my eyes
beheld the secrets of the lightnings and the
splendours, and the judgment belonging to them.
2They lighten for a
blessing and for a curse, according to the will of
Yahuah of spirits.
3And there I saw the
secrets of the thunder, when it rattles above in
heaven, and its sound is heard.
4The habitations also
of the earth were shown to me. The sound of the
thunder is for peace and for blessing, as well as for
a curse, according to the word of Yahuah of spirits.
secret of the splendours and of the lightnings was
seen by me. For blessing and for fertility they
1In the five hundredth
year, and in the seventh month, on the fourteenth day
of the month, of the lifetime of Enoch, in that
parable, I saw that the heaven of heavens shook; that
it shook violently; and that the powers of the Most
High, and the angels, thousands and thousands, and
myriads of myriads, were agitated with great
agitation. And when I looked, the Ancient of days was
sitting on the throne of his glory, while the angels
and saints were standing around him. A great trembling
came upon me, and terror seized me. My loins were
bowed down and loosened; my reins were dissolved; and
I fell upon my face. The qodesh Michael, another
qodesh angel, one of the qodesh ones, was sent, who
raised me up.
2And when he raised me,
my spirit returned; for I was incapable of enduring
this vision of violence, its agitation, and the
concussion of heaven.
3Then qodesh Michael
said to me, Why are you disturbed at this vision?
4Hitherto has existed
the day of mercy; and he has been merciful and
longsuffering towards all who dwell upon the earth.
5But when the time
shall come, then shall the power, the
punishment, and the judgment take place, which
Yahuah of spirits has prepared for those who prostrate
themselves to the judgment of righteousness, for those
who abjure that judgment, and for those who take his
name in vain.
6That day has been
prepared for the elect as a day of covenant;
and for sinners as a day of inquisition.
7In that day shall be
distributed for food (54) two
monsters; a female monster, whose name is Leviathan,
dwelling in the depths of the sea, above the springs
for food. Or,
"separated from one another" (Knibb, p. 143).
8And a male monster,
whose name is Behemoth; which possesses, moving
on his breast, the invisible wilderness.
9His name was Dendayen
in the east of the garden, where the elect and the
righteous will dwell; where he received it
from my ancestor, who was man, from Adam the first of
men, (55) whom Yahuah of spirits made.
(55) He received
it…first of men. Or, "my
[great-] grandfather was taken up, the seventh
from Adam" (Charles, p. 155). This implies that
this section of the book was written by Noah,
Enoch's descendant, rather than Enoch. Scholars
have speculated that this portion of the book may
contain fragments of the lost Apocalypse of Noah.
10Then I asked of
another angel to show me the power of those monsters,
how they became separated, how they became separated
on the same day, one being in the depths of
the sea, and one in the dry desert.
11And he said, You, son
of man, are here desirous of understanding secret
12And the angel of
peace, who was with me, said, These two monsters are
by the power of Elohim prepared to become food, that
the punishment of Elohim may not be in vain.
13Then shall children
be slain with their mothers, and sons with their
14And when the
punishment of Yahuah of spirits shall continue, upon
them shall it continue, that the punishment of Yahuah
of spirits may not take place in vain. After that,
judgment shall exist with mercy and longsuffering.
1Then another angel,
who proceeded with me, spoke to me;
2And showed me the
first and last secrets in heaven above, and in the
depths of the earth:
3In the extremities of
heaven, and in the foundations of it, and in the
receptacle of the winds.
4He showed me
how their spirits were divided; how they were
balanced; and how both the springs and the winds were
numbered according to the force of their spirit.
5He showed me
the power of the moon's light, that its power is a
just one; as well as the divisions of the stars,
according to their respective names;
division is divided; that the lightning flashes;
7That its troops
immediately obey; and that a cessation takes place
during thunder in continuance of its sound. Nor are
the thunder and the lightning separated; neither do
both of them move with one spirit; yet they are not
8For when the lightning
lightens, the thunder sounds, and the spirit at a
proper period pauses, making an equal division between
them; for the receptacle, upon which their periods
depend, is loose as sand. Each of them at a
proper season is restrained with a bridle; and turned
by the power of the spirit, which thus propels them
according to the spacious extent of the earth.
9The spirit likewise of
the sea is potent and strong; and as a strong power
causes it to ebb, so is it driven forwards, and
scattered against the mountains of the earth. The
spirit of the frost has its angel; in the spirit of
hail there is a good angel; the spirit of snow ceases
in its strength, and a solitary spirit is in it, which
ascends from it like vapour, and is called
10The spirit also of
mist dwells with them in their receptacle; but it has
a receptacle to itself; for its progress is in
11In light, and in
darkness, in winter and in summer. Its receptacle is
bright, and an angel is in it.
12The spirit of dew has
its abode in the extremities of heaven, in connection
with the receptacle of rain; and its progress is in
winter and in summer. The cloud produced by it, and
the cloud of the mist, become united; one gives to the
other; and when the spirit of rain is in motion from
its receptacle, angels come, and opening its
receptacle, bring it forth.
13When likewise it is
sprinkled over all the earth, it forms an union with
every kind of water on the ground; for the waters
remain on the ground, because they afford
nourishment to the earth from the Most High, who is in
14Upon this account
therefore there is a regulation in the quantity of
rain, which the angels receive.
15These things I saw;
all of them, even paradise.
1In those days I beheld
long ropes given to those angels; who took to their
wings, and fled, advancing towards the north.
2And I inquired of the
angel, saying, Wherefore have they taken those long
ropes, and gone forth? He said, They are gone forth to
3The angel, who
proceeded with me, said, These are the measures of the
righteous; and cords shall the righteous bring, that
they may trust in the name of Yahuah of spirits for
ever and ever.
4The elect shall begin
to dwell with the elect.
5And these are the
measures which shall be given to faith, and which
shall strengthen the words of righteousness.
6These measures shall
reveal all the secrets in the depth of the earth.
7And it shall be,
that those who have been destroyed in the desert, and
who have been devoured by the fish of the sea, and by
wild beasts, shall return, and trust in the day of the
Elect One; for none shall perish in the presence of
Yahuah of spirits, nor shall any be capable of
8Then they received the
commandment, all who were in the heavens
above; to whom a combined power, voice, and splendour,
like fire, were given.
9And first, with their
voice, they blessed him, they exalted him, they
glorified him with wisdom, and ascribed to him wisdom
with the word, and with the breath of life.
10Then Yahuah of
spirits seated upon the throne of his glory the Elect
11Who shall judge all
the works of the qodesh, in heaven above, and in a
balance shall he weigh their actions. And when he
shall lift up his countenance to judge their secret
ways in the word of the name of Yahuah of spirits, and
their progress in the path of the righteous judgment
of Elohim most high;
12They shall all speak
with united voice; and bless, glorify, exalt, and
praise, in the name of Yahuah of spirits.
13He shall call to
every power of the heavens, to all the qodesh above,
and to the power of Elohim. The Cherubim, the
Seraphim, and the Ophanin, all the angels of power,
and all the angels of Yahuahs, namely, of the Elect
One, and of the other Power, who was upon
earth over the water on that day,
14Shall raise their
united voice; shall bless, glorify, praise, and exalt
with the spirit of faith, with the spirit of wisdom
and patience, with the spirit of mercy, with the
spirit of judgment and peace, and with the spirit of
benevolence; all shall say with united voice; Blessed
is He; and the name of Yahuah of spirits shall be
blessed for ever and for ever; all, who sleep not,
shall bless it in heaven above.
15All the qodesh in
heaven shall bless it; all the elect who dwell in the
garden of life; and every spirit of light, who is
capable of blessing, glorifying, exalting, and
praising your qodesh name; and every mortal man, (56)
more than the powers of heaven, shall glorify
and bless your name for ever and ever.
mortal man. Literally,
"all of flesh" (Laurence, p. 73).
16For great is the
mercy of Yahuah of spirits; long-suffering is he; and
all his works, all his power, great as are the things
which he has done, has he revealed to the saints and
to the elect, in the name of Yahuah of spirits.
commanded the kings, the princes, the exalted, and
those who dwell on earth, saying, Open your eyes, and
lift up your horns, if you are capable of
comprehending the Elect One.
2Yahuah of spirits sat
upon the throne of his glory.
3And the spirit of
righteousness was poured out over him.
4The word of his mouth
shall destroy all the sinners and all the unElohimly,
who shall perish at his presence.
5In that day shall all
the kings, the princes, the exalted, and those who
possess the earth, stand up, behold, and perceive,
that he is sitting on the throne of his glory; that
before him the saints shall be judged in
6And that nothing,
which shall be spoken before him, shall be spoken
7Trouble shall come
upon them, as upon a woman in travail, whose labour is
severe, when her child comes to the mouth of the womb,
and she finds it difficult to bring forth.
8One portion of them
shall look upon another. They shall be astonished, and
shall humble their countenance;
9And trouble shall
seize them, when they shall behold this Son of woman
sitting upon the throne of his glory.
10Then shall the kings,
the princes, and all who possess the earth, glorify
him who has dominion over all things, him who was
concealed; for from the beginning the Son of man
existed in secret, whom the Most High preserved in the
presence of his power, and revealed to the elect.
11He shall sow the
congregation of the saints, and of the elect; and all
the elect shall stand before him in that day.
12All the kings, the
princes, the exalted, and those who rule over all the
earth, shall fall down on their faces before him, and
shall worship him.
13They shall fix their
hopes on this Son of man, shall pray to him, and
petition him for mercy.
14Then shall Yahuah of
spirits hasten to expel them from his presence. Their
faces shall be full of confusion, and their faces
shall darkness cover. The angels shall take them to
punishment, that vengeance may be inflicted on those
who have oppressed his children and his elect. And
they shall become an example to the saints and to his
elect. Through them shall these be made joyful; for
the anger of Yahuah of spirits shall rest upon them.
15Then the sword of
Yahuah of spirits shall be drunk with their blood; but
the saints and elect shall be safe in that day; nor
the face of the sinners and the unElohimly shall they
16Yahuah of spirits
shall remain over them:
17And with this Son of
man shall they dwell, eat, lie down, and rise up, for
ever and ever.
18The saints and the
elect have arisen from the earth, have left off to
depress their countenances, and have been clothed with
the garment of life. That garment of life is with
Yahuah of spirits, in whose presence your garment
shall not wax old, nor shall your glory diminish.
1In those days the
kings who possess the earth shall be punished by the
angels of his wrath, wheresoever they shall be
delivered up, that he may give rest for a short
period; and that they may fall down and worship before
Yahuah of spirits, confessing their sins before him.
2They shall bless and
glorify Yahuah of spirits, saying, Blessed is Yahuah
of spirits, Yahuah of kings, Yahuah of princes, Yahuah
of the rich, Yahuah of glory, and Yahuah of wisdom.
3He shall enlighten
every secret thing.
4Your power is from
generation to generation; and your glory for ever and
5Deep are all your
secrets, and numberless; and your righteousness cannot
6Now we know, that we
should glorify and bless Yahuah of kings, him who is
King over all things.
7They shall also say,
Who has granted us rest to glorify, laud, bless, and
confess in the presence of his glory?
8And now small is the
rest we desire; but we do not find it; we
reject, and do not possess it. Light has
passed away from before us; and darkness has
covered our thrones for ever.
9 For we have not
confessed before him; we have not glorified the name
of Yahuah of kings; we have not glorified Yahuah in
all his works; but we have trusted in the sceptre of
our dominion and of our glory.
10In the day of our
suffering and of our trouble he will not save us,
neither shall we find rest. We confess that our Lord
is faithful in all his works, in all his judgments,
and in his righteousness.
11In his judgments he
pays no respect to persons; and we must depart from
his presence, on account of our evil deeds.
12All our sins are
truly without number.
13Then shall they say
to themselves, Our souls are satiated with the
instruments of crime;
14But that prevents us
not from descending to the flaming womb of hell.
countenances shall be filled with darkness and
confusion before the Son of man; from whose presence
they shall be expelled, and before whom the sword
shall remain to expel them.
16Thus saith Yahuah of
spirits, This is the decree and the judgment against
the princes, the kings, the exalted, and those who
possess the earth, in the presence of Yahuah of
1I saw also other
countenances in that secret place. I heard the voice
of an angel, saying, These are the angels who have
descended from heaven to earth, and have revealed
secrets to the sons of men, and have seduced the sons
of men to the commission of sin.
Chapter 64 (57)
(57) Chapters 64, 65, 66 and the
first verse of 67 evidently contain a vision of Noah
and not of Enoch (Laurence, p. 78).
1In those days Noah saw
that the earth became inclined, and that destruction
2Then he lifted up his
feet, and went to the ends of the earth, to the
dwelling of his great-grandfather Enoch.
3And Noah cried with a
bitter voice, Hear me; hear me; hear me: three times.
And he said, Tell me what is transacting upon the
earth; for the earth labours, and is violently shaken.
Surely I shall perish with it.
4After this there was a
great perturbation on earth, and a voice was heard
from heaven. I fell down on my face, when my
great-grandfather Enoch came and stood by me.
5He said to me, Why
have you cried out to me with a bitter cry and
6A commandment has gone
forth from Yahuah against those who dwell on the
earth, that they may be destroyed; for they know every
secret of the angels, every oppressive and secret
power of the devils, (58) and every power
of those who commit sorcery, as well as of those who
make molten images in the whole earth.
(58) The devils. Literally,
"the Satans" (Laurence, p. 78).
7They know how
silver is produced from the dust of the earth, and how
on the earth the metallic drop exists; for
lead and tin are not produced from earth, as the
primary fountain of their production.
8There is an angel
standing upon it, and that angel struggles to prevail.
great-grandfather Enoch seized me with his hand,
raising me up, and saying to me, Go, for I have asked
Yahuah of spirits respecting this perturbation of the
earth; who replied, On account of their impiety have
their innumerable judgments been consummated before
me. Respecting the moons have they inquired, and they
have known that the earth will perish with those who
dwell upon it, (59) and that to these
there will be no place of refuge for ever.
the moons…dwell upon it. Or, "Because
of the sorceries which they have searched out and
learnt, the earth and those who dwell upon it will
be destroyed" (Knibb, p. 155).
10They have discovered
secrets, and they are those who have been
judged; but not you my son. Yahuah of spirits knows
that you are pure and good, free from the
reproach of discovering secrets.
11He, the qodesh One,
will establish your name in the midst of the saints,
and will preserve you from those who dwell upon the
earth. He will establish your seed in righteousness,
with dominion and great glory; (60) and
from your seed shall spring forth righteousness and
qodesh men without number for ever.
"for kings, and for great glory" (Laurence, p.
1After this he showed
me the angels of punishment, who were prepared to
come, and to open all the mighty waters under the
2That they may be for
judgment, and for the destruction of all those who
remain and dwell upon the earth.
3And Yahuah of spirits
commanded the angels who went forth, not to take up
the men and preserve them.
4For those angels presiding
over all the mighty waters. Then I went out from the
presence of Enoch.
1In those days the word
of Elohim came to me, and said, Noah, behold, your lot
has ascended up to me, a lot void of crime, a lot
beloved and upright.
2Now then shall the
angels labour at the trees; (61) but when
they proceed to this, I will put my hand upon it, and
at the trees. Or, "are
making a wooden (structure)" (Knibb, p. 156).
3The seed of life shall
arise from it, and a change shall take place, that the
dry land shall not be left empty. I will establish
your seed before me for ever and ever, and the seed of
those who dwell with you on the surface of the earth.
It shall be blessed and multiplied in the presence of
the earth, in the name of Yahuah.
4And they shall confine
those angels who disclosed impiety. In that burning
valley it is, that they shall be confined,
which at first my great-grandfather Enoch showed me in
the west, where there were mountains of gold and
silver, of iron, of fluid metal, and of tin.
5I beheld that valley
in which there was great perturbation, and where
the waters were troubled.
6And when all this was
effected, from the fluid mass of fire, and the
perturbation which prevailed (62) in that
place, there arose a strong smell of sulphur, which
became mixed with the waters; and the valley of the
angels, who had been guilty of seduction, burned
underneath its soil.
perturbation which prevailed. Literally,
"troubled them" (Laurence, p. 81).
7Through that valley
also rivers of fire were flowing, to which those
angels shall be condemned, who seduced the inhabitants
of the earth.
8And in those days
shall these waters be to kings, to princes, to the
exalted, and to the inhabitants of the earth, for the
healing of the soul and body, and for the judgment of
9Their spirits shall be
full of revelry, (63) that they may be
judged in their bodies; because they have denied
Yahuah of spirits, and although they perceive
their condemnation day by day, they believe not in his
(63) Revelry. Or, "lust"
(Knibb, p. 157).
10And as the
inflammation of their bodies shall be great, so shall
their spirits undergo a change for ever.
11For no word which is
uttered before Yahuah of spirits shall be in vain.
12Judgment has come
upon them, because they trusted in their carnal
revelry, and denied Yahuah of spirits.
13In those days shall
the waters of that valley be changed; for when the
angels shall be judged, then shall the heat of those
springs of water experience an alteration.
14And when the angels
shall ascend, the water of the springs shall again
undergo a change, and be frozen. Then I heard qodesh
Michael answering and saying, This judgment, with
which the angels shall be judged, shall bear testimony
against the kings, the princes, and those who possess
15For these waters of
judgment shall be for their healing, and for the death
(64) of their bodies. But they shall not
perceive and believe that the waters will be changed,
and become a fire, which shall blaze for ever.
(64) Death. Or, "lust"
(Charles, p. 176; Knibb, p. 158).
1After this he gave me
the characteristical marks (65) of all the
secret things in the book of my great-grandfather
Enoch, and in the parables which had been given to
him; inserting them for me among the words of the book
marks. Literally, "the signs"
(Laurence, p. 83).
2At that that time
qodesh Michael answered and said to Raphael, The power
of the spirit hurries me away, and impels me on. The
severity of the judgment, of the secret judgment of
the angels, who is capable of beholding–the
endurance of that severe judgment which has taken
place and been made permanent–without being melted at
the site of it? Again qodesh Michael answered and said
to qodesh Raphael, Who is there whose heart is not
softened by it, and whose reins are not troubled at
3Judgment has gone
forth against them by those who have thus dragged them
away; and that was, when they stood in the presence of
Yahuah of spirits.
4In like manner also
qodesh Rakael said to Raphael, They shall not be
before the eye of Yahuah; (66) since
Yahuah of spirits has been offended with them; for
like Lords (67) have they conducted
themselves. Therefore will he bring upon them a secret
judgment for ever and ever.
(66) They shall
not…eye of Yahuah. Or, "I will
not take their part under the eye of Yahuah"
(Knibb, p. 159).
(67) For like Lords. Or, "for they
act as if they were Lord" (Knibb, p. 159).
5For neither shall
angel nor man receive a portion of it; but they alone
shall receive their own judgment for ever end ever.
1After this judgment
they shall be astonished and irritated; for it shall
be exhibited to the inhabitants of the earth.
2Behold the names of
those angels. These are their names. The first of them
is Samyaza; the second, Arstikapha; the third, Armen;
the fourth, Kakabael; the fifth, Turel; the sixth,
Rumyel; the seventh, Danyal; the eighth, Kael; the
ninth, Barakel; the tenth, Azazel; the eleventh,
Armers; the twelfth, Bataryal; the thirteenth,
Basasael; the fourteenth, Ananel; the fifteenth,
Turyal; the sixteenth, Simapiseel; the seventeenth,
Yetarel; the eighteenth, Tumael; the nineteenth,
Tarel; the twentieth, Rumel; the twenty-first,
3These are the chiefs
of their angels, and the names of the leaders of their
hundreds, and the leaders of their fifties, and the
leaders of their tens.
4The name of the first
is Yekun: (68) he it was who seduced all
the sons of the qodesh angels; and causing them to
descend on earth, led astray the offspring of men.
(68) Yekun may simply
mean "the rebel" (Knibb, p. 160).
5The name of the second
is Kesabel, who pointed out evil counsel to the sons
of the qodesh angels, and induced them to corrupt
their bodies by generating mankind.
6The name of the third
is Gadrel: he discovered every stroke of death to the
children of men.
7He seduced; and
discovered to the children of men the instruments of
death, the coat of mail, the shield, and the sword for
slaughter; every instrument of death to the children
8From his hand were these
things derived to them who dwell upon earth,
from that period for ever.
9The name of the fourth
is Penemue: he discovered to the children of men
bitterness and sweetness;
10And pointed out to
them every secret of their wisdom.
11He taught men to
understand writing, and the use of ink and
have been those who have gone astray from every period
of the world, even to this day.
13For men were not born
for this, thus with pen and with ink to confirm their
14Since they were not
created, except that, like the angels, they might
remain righteous and pure.
15Nor would death,
which destroys everything, have effected them;
16But by this their
knowledge they perish, and by this also its
power consumes them.
17The name of the fifth
is Kasyade: he discovered to the children of men every
wicked stroke of spirits and of demons:
18The stroke of the
embryo in the womb, to diminish it; (69)
the stroke of the spirit by the bite of the
serpent, and the stroke which is given in the
mid-day by the offspring of the serpent, the
name of which is Tabaet. (70)
stroke…to diminish it. Or, "the
blows (which attack) the embryo in the womb so
that it miscarries" (Knibb, p. 162).
(70) Tabaet. Literally,
"male" or "strong" (Knibb, p. 162).
19This is the number of
the Kasbel; the principal part of the oath which the
Most High, dwelling in glory, revealed to the qodesh
20Its name is Beka. He
spoke to qodesh Michael to discover to them the sacred
name, that they might understand that secret name, and
thus remember the oath; and that those who pointed out
every secret thing to the children of men might
tremble at that name and oath.
21This is the power of
that oath; for powerful it is, and strong.
22And he established
this oath of Akae by the instrumentality of the qodesh
23These are the secrets
of this oath, and by it were they confirmed.
24Heaven was suspended
by it before the world was made, for ever.
25By it has the earth
been founded upon the flood; while from the concealed
parts of the hills the agitated waters proceed forth
from the creation to the end of the world.
26By this oath the sea
has been formed, and the foundation of it.
27During the period of
its fury he established the sand against it,
which continues unchanged for ever; and by this oath
the abyss has been made strong; nor is it removable
from its station for ever and ever.
28By this oath the sun
and moon complete their progress, never swerving from
the command given to them for ever and ever.
29By this oath the
stars complete their progress;
30And when their names
are called, they return an answer, for ever and ever.
31Thus in the
heavens take place the blowings of the winds:
all of them have breathings, (71) and effect
a complete combination of breathings.
(71) Breathings. Or, "spirits"
(Laurence, p. 87).
32There the treasures
of thunder are kept, and the splendour of the
33There are kept the
treasures of hail and of frost, the treasures of snow,
the treasures of rain and of dew.
34All these confess and
laud before Yahuah of spirits.
35They glorify with all
their power of praise; and he sustains them in all
that act of thanksgiving; while they laud,
glorify, and exalt the name of Yahuah of spirits for
ever and ever.
36And with them he
establishes this oath, by which they and their paths
are preserved; nor does their progress perish.
37Great was their joy.
glorified, and exalted, because the name of the Son of
man was revealed to them.
39He sat upon the
throne of his glory; and the principal part of the
judgment was assigned to him, the Son of man. Sinners
shall disappear and perish from the face of the earth,
while those who seduced them shall be bound with
chains for ever.
40According to their
ranks of corruption shall they be imprisoned, and all
their works shall disappear from the face of the
earth; nor thenceforward shall there be any to
corrupt; for the Son of man has been seen, sitting on
the throne of his glory.
shall disappear, and depart from before his face; and
the word of the Son of man shall become powerful in
the presence of Yahuah of spirits.
42This is the third
parable of Enoch.
1After this the name of
the Son of man, living with Yahuah of spirits, was
exalted by the inhabitants of the earth.
2It was exalted in the
chariots of the Spirit; and the name went forth in the
midst of them.
3From that time I was
not drawn into the midst of them; but he seated me
between two spirits, between the north and the west,
where the angels received their ropes, to measure out
a place for the elect and the righteous.
4There I beheld the
fathers of the first men, and the saints, who dwell in
that place for ever.
1Afterwards my spirit
was concealed, ascending into the heavens. I beheld
the sons of the qodesh angels treading on flaming
fire, whose garments and robes were white, and whose
countenances were transparent as crystal.
2I saw two rivers of
fire glittering like the hyacinth.
3Then I fell on my face
before Yahuah of spirits.
4And Michael, one of
the archangels, took me by my right hand, raised me
up, and brought me out to where was
every secret of mercy and secret of
5He showed me all the
hidden things of the extremities of heaven, all the
receptacles of the stars, and the splendours of all,
from whence they went forth before the face of the
6And he concealed the
spirit of Enoch in the heaven of heavens.
7There I beheld, in the
midst of that light, a building raised with stones of
8And in the midst of
these stone vibrations (72) of living
fire. My spirit saw around the circle of this flaming
habitation, on one of its extremities, that there
were rivers full of living fire, which
(72) Vibrations. Literally,
"tongues" (Laurence, p. 90).
9Then the Seraphim, the
Cherubim, and Ophanin (73) surrounded it:
these are those who never sleep, but watch the throne
of his glory.
(73) Ophanin. The "wheels"
of Ezek. 1:15-21 (Charles, p. 162).
10And I beheld angels
innumerable, thousands of thousands, and myriads and
myriads, who surrounded that habitation.
Gabriel, Phanuel and the qodesh angels who were in the
heavens above, went in and out of it. Michael,
Raphael, and Gabriel went out of that habitation, and
qodesh angels innumerable.
12With them was
the Ancient of days, whose head was white as
wool, and pure, and his robe was
13Then I fell upon my
face, while all my flesh was dissolved, and my spirit
14I cried out with a
loud voice, with a powerful spirit, blessing,
glorifying, and exalting.
15And those blessings,
which proceeded from my mouth, became acceptable in
the presence of the Ancient of days.
16The Ancient of days
came with Michael and Gabriel, Raphael and Phanuel,
with thousands of thousands, and myriads and myriads,
which could not be numbered.
17Then that angel came
to me, and with his voice saluted me, saying, You are
the Son of man, (74) who art born for
righteousness, and righteousness has rested upon you.
(74) Son of man. Laurence's
original translation renders this phrase
"offspring of man." Knibb (p. 166) and Charles (p.
185) indicate that it should be "Son of man,"
consistent with the other occurrences of that term
in the Book of Enoch.
18The righteousness of
the Ancient of days shall not forsake you.
19He said, On you shall
he confer peace in the name of the existing world; for
from thence has peace gone forth since the world was
20And thus shall it
happen to you for ever and ever.
21All who shall exist,
and who shall walk in your path of righteousness,
shall not forsake you for ever.
22With you shall be
their habitations, with you their lot; nor from you
shall they be separated for ever and ever.
23And thus shall length
of days be with the Son of man. (75)
(75) Son of man. Literally,
"offspring of man," or "the Christ who comes from
the offspring of man."
24Peace shall be to the
righteous; and the path of integrity shall the
righteous pursue, in the name of Yahuah of spirits,
for ever and ever.
1The book of the
revolutions of the luminaries of heaven, according to
their respective classes, their respective powers,
their respective periods, their respective names, the
places where they commence their progress, and their
respective months, which Uriel, the qodesh angel who
was with me, explained to me; he who conducted them.
The whole account of them, according to every year of
the world for ever, until a new work shall be
effected, which will be eternal.
2This is the first law
of the luminaries. The sun and the light
arrive at the gates of heaven, which are on the east,
and on the west of it at the western gates of heaven.
3I beheld the gates
whence the sun goes forth; and the gates where the sun
4In which gates also
the moon rises and sets; and I beheld the
conductors of the stars, among those who precede them;
six gates were at the rising, and six at the
setting of the sun.
respectively, one after another, are on a level; and
numerous windows are on the right and on the left
sides of those gates.
6First proceeds forth
that great luminary, which is called the sun; the orb
of which is as the orb of heaven, the whole of it
being replete with splendid and flaming fire.
7Its chariot, where it
ascends, the wind blows.
8The sun sets in
heaven, and, returning by the north, to proceed
towards the east, is conducted so as to enter by that
gate, and illuminate the face of heaven.
9In the same manner it
goes forth in the first month by the great gate.
10It goes forth through
the fourth of those six gates, which are at the rising
of the sun.
11And in the fourth
gate, through which the sun with the moon proceeds, in
the first part of it, (76) there are
twelve open windows; from which issues out a flame,
when they are opened in their proper periods.
which…part of it. Or, "from
which the sun rises in the first month" (Knibb, p.
12When the sun rises in
heaven, it goes forth through this fourth gate thirty
days, and by the fourth gate in the west of heaven on
a level with it descends.
13During that period
the day is lengthened from the day, and the night
curtailed from the night for thirty days. And then the
day is longer by two parts than the night.
14The day is precisely
ten parts, and the night is eight.
15The sun goes forth
through this fourth gate, and sets in it, and turns to
the fifth gate during thirty days; after which it
proceeds from, and sets in, the fifth gate.
16Then the day becomes
lengthened by a second portion, so that it is eleven
parts: while the night becomes shortened, and is only
17The sun now
returns to the east, entering into the sixth gate, and
rising and setting in the sixth gate thirty-one days,
on account of its signs.
18At that period the
day is longer than the night, being twice as long
as the night; and become twelve parts;
19But the night is
shortened, and becomes six parts. Then the sun rises
up, that the day may be shortened, and the night
20And the sun returns
toward the east entering into the sixth gate, where it
rises and sets for thirty days.
21When that period is
completed, the day becomes shortened precisely one
part, so that it is eleven parts, while the night is
22Then the sun goes
from the west, from that sixth gate, and proceeds
eastwards, rising in the fifth gate for thirty days,
and setting again westwards in the fifth gate of the
23At that period the
day becomes shortened two parts; and is ten parts,
while the night is eight parts.
24Then the sun goes
from the fifth gate, as it sets in the fifth gate of
the west; and rises in the fourth gate for thirty-one
days, on account of its signs, setting in the west.
25At that period the
day is made equal with the night; and, being equal
with it, the night becomes nine parts, and the day
26Then the sun goes
from that gate, as it sets in the west; and returning
to the east proceeds by the third gate for thirty
days, setting in the west at the third gate.
27At that period the
night is lengthened from the day during thirty
mornings, and the day is curtailed from the day during
thirty days; the night being ten parts precisely, and
the day eight parts.
28The sun now goes from
the third gate, as it sets in the third gate in the
west; but returning to the east, it proceeds by the
second gate of the east for thirty days.
29In like manner also
it sets in the second gate in the west of heaven.
30At that period the
night is eleven parts, and the day seven parts.
31Then the sun goes at
that time from the second gate, as it sets in the
second gate in the west; but returns to the east, proceeding
by the first gate, for thirty-one days.
32And sets in the west
in the first gate.
33At that period that
night is lengthened as much again as the day.
34It is twelve parts
precisely, while the day is six parts.
35The sun has thus
completed its beginnings, and a second time goes round
from these beginnings.
36Into that first
gate it enters for thirty days, and sets in the west,
in the opposite part of heaven.
37At that period the
night is contracted in its length a fourth part, that
is, one portion, and becomes eleven parts.
38The day is seven
39Then the sun returns,
and enters into the second gate of the east.
40It returns by these
beginnings thirty days, rising and setting.
41At that period the
night is contracted in its length. It becomes ten
parts, and the day eight parts. Then the sun goes from
that second gate, and sets in the west; but returns to
the east, and rises in the east, in the third gate,
thirty-one days, setting in the west of heaven.
42At that period the
night becomes shortened. It is nine parts. And the
night is equal with the day. The year is precisely
three hundred and sixty-four days.
43The lengthening of
the day and night, and the contraction of the day and
night, are made to differ from each other by the
progress of the sun.
44By means of this
progress the day is daily lengthened, and the night
45This is the law and
progress of the sun, and its turning when it turns
back, turning during sixty days, (77) and
going forth. This is the great everlasting luminary,
that which he names the sun for ever and ever.
(77) That is, it is sixty days in
the same gates, viz. Thirty days twice every year
(Laurence, p. 97).
46This also is that
which goes forth a great luminary, and which is named
after its peculiar kind, as Elohim commanded.
47And thus it goes in
and out, neither slackening nor resting; but running
on in its chariot by day and by night. It shines with
a seventh portion of light from the moon; (78)
but the dimensions of both are equal.
(78) It shines
with…from the moon. Or, "Its
light is seven times brighter than that of the
moon" (Knibb, p. 171). The Aramaic texts more
clearly describe how the moon's light waxes and
wanes by a half of a seventh part each day. Here
in the Ethiopic version, the moon is thought of as
two halves, each half being divided into seven
parts. Hence, the "fourteen portions" of 72:9-10
(Knibb, p. 171).
1After this law I
beheld another law of an inferior luminary, the name
of which is the moon, and the orb of which is as the
orb of heaven.
2Its chariot, which
it secretly ascends, the wind blows; and light is
given to it by measure.
3Every month at its
exit and entrance it becomes changed; and its periods
are as the periods of the sun. And when in like manner
its light is to exist, (79) its light is a
seventh portion from the light of the sun.
(79) And when
in…is to exist. I.e., when
the moon is full (Knibb, p. 171).
4Thus it rises, and at
its commencement towards the east goes forth for
5At that time it
appears, and becomes to you the beginning of the
month. Thirty days it is with the sun in
the gate from which the sun goes forth.
6Half of it is in
extent seven portions, one half; and the whole
of its orb is void of light, except a seventh portion
out of the fourteen portions of its light. And in a
day it receives a seventh portion, or half that
portion, of its light. Its light is by sevens,
by one portion, and by the half of a portion.
Its sets with the sun.
7And when the sun
rises, the moon rises with it; receiving half a
portion of light.
8On that night, when it
commences its period, previously to the day of the
month, the moon sets with the sun.
9And on that night it
is dark in its fourteen portions, that is, in
each half; but it rises on that day with one
seventh portion precisely, and in its progress
declines from the rising of the sun.
10During the remainder
of its period its light increases to fourteen
1Then I saw another
progress and regulation which He effected in the law
of the moon. The progress of the moons, and everything
relating to them, Uriel showed me, the qodesh
angel who conducted them all.
2Their stations I wrote
down as he showed them to me.
3I wrote down their
months, as they occur, and the appearance of their
light, until it is completed in fifteen days.
4In each of its two
seven portions it completes all its light at rising
and at setting.
5On stated months it
changes its settings; and on stated months it
makes its progress through each gate.
In two gates the moon sets with the sun, viz.
in those two gates which are in the midst, in the
third and fourth gate. From the third gate it
goes forth for seven days, and makes its circuit.
6Again it returns to
the gate whence the sun goes forth, and in that
completes the whole of its light. Then it declines
from the sun, and enters in eight days into the sixth
gate, and returns in seven days to the third gate,
from which the sun goes forth.
7When the sun proceeds
to the fourth gate, the moon goes forth for
seven days, until it passes from the fifth gate.
8Again it returns in
seven days to the fourth gate, and completing all its
light, declines, and passes on by the first gate in
9And returns in seven
days to the fourth gate, from which the sun goes
10Thus I beheld their
stations, as according to the fixed order of the
months the sun rises and sets.
11At those times there
is an excess of thirty days belonging to the sun in
five years; all the days belonging to each year of the
five years, when completed, amount to three hundred
and sixty-four days; and to the sun and stars belong
six days; six days in each of the five years; thus
thirty days belonging to them;
12So that the moon has
thirty days less than the sun and stars.
13The moon brings on
all the years exactly, that their stations may come
neither too forwards nor too backwards a single day;
but that the years may be changed with correct
precision in three hundred and sixty-four days. In
three years the days are one thousand and ninety-two;
in five years they are one thousand eight hundred and
twenty; and in eight years two thousand nine hundred
and twelve days.
14To the moon alone
belong in three years one thousand and sixty-two days;
in five years it has fifty days less than the sun,
for an addition being made to the one thousand and
sixty-two days, in five years there are one thousand
seven hundred and seventy days; and the days of the
moon in eight years are two thousand eight hundred and
15For its days in eight
years are less than those of the sun by eighty
days, which eighty days are its diminution in eight
16The year then becomes
truly complete according to the station of the moon,
and the station of the sun; which rise in the different
gates; which rise and set in them for thirty days.
1These are the
leaders of the chiefs of the thousands, those
which preside over all creation, and over all
the stars; with the four days which are added
and never separated from the place allotted them,
according to the complete calculation of the year.
2And these serve four
days, which are not calculated in the calculation of
3Respecting them, men
greatly err, for these luminaries truly serve, in the
dwelling place of the world, one day in the
first gate, one in the third gate, one in the fourth
gate, and one in the sixth gate.
4And the harmony of the
world becomes complete every three hundred and
sixty-fourth state of it. For the signs,
7And the days, Uriel
showed me; the angel whom Yahuah of glory appointed
over all the luminaries.
8Of heaven in heaven,
and in the world; that they might rule in the face of
the sky, and appearing over the earth, become
9Conductors of the days
and nights: the sun, the moon, the stars, and all the
ministers of heaven, which make their circuit with all
the chariots of heaven.
10Thus Uriel showed me
twelve gates open for the circuit of the chariots of
the sun in heaven, from which the rays of the sun
11From these proceed
heat over the earth, when they are opened in their
stated seasons. They are for the winds, and the spirit
of the dew, when in their seasons they are opened;
opened in heaven at its extremities.
12Twelve gates I beheld
in heaven, at the extremities of the earth, through
which the sun, moon, and stars, and all the works of
heaven, proceed at their rising and setting.
13Many windows also are
open on the right and on the left.
14One window at a certain
season grows extremely hot. So also are there gates
from which the stars go forth as they are commanded,
and in which they set according to their number.
15I saw likewise the
chariots of heaven, running in the world above to
those gates in which the stars turn, which never set.
One of these is greater than all, which goes round the
1And at the extremities
of the earth I beheld twelve gates open for all the
winds, from which they proceed and blow over the
2Three of them are open
in the front of heaven, three in the west, three on
the right side of heaven, and three on the left. The
first three are those which are towards the east,
three are towards the north, three behind those which
are upon the left, towards the south, and three on the
3From four of them
proceed winds of blessing, and of health; and from
eight proceed winds of punishment; when they are sent
to destroy the earth, and the heaven above it, all its
inhabitants, and all which are in the waters, or on
4The first of these
winds proceeds from the gate termed the eastern,
through the first gate on the east, which inclines
southwards. From this goes forth destruction, drought,
heat, and perdition.
5From the second gate,
the middle one, proceeds equity. There issue from it
rain, fruitfulness, health, and dew; and from the
third gate northwards, proceed cold and drought.
6After these proceed
the south winds through three principal gates; through
their first gate, which inclines eastwards, proceeds a
7But from the middle
gate proceed grateful odour, dew, rain, health, and
8From the third gate,
which is westwards, proceed dew, rain, blight, and
9After these are the
winds to the north, which is called the sea. They
proceed from three gates. The first (80)
gate is that which is on the east, inclining
southwards; from this proceed dew, rain, blight, and
destruction. From the middle direct gate proceed rain,
dew, life, and health. And from the third gate, which
is westwards, inclining towards the south, proceed
mist, frost, snow, rain, dew, and blight.
(80) First. Or, "seventh"
(Knibb, p. 178).
10After these in
the fourth quarter are the winds to the
west. From the first gate, inclining northwards,
proceed dew, rain, frost, cold, snow, and chill; from
the middle gate proceed rain, health, and blessing;
11And from the last
gate, which is southwards, proceed drought,
destruction, scorching, and perdition.
12The account of
the twelve gates of the four quarters of heaven
13All their laws, all
their infliction of punishment, and the health
produced by them, have I explained to you, my
son Mathusala. (81)
(81) Mathusala. Enoch's son,
Methuselah. Cp. Gen. 5:21.
1The first wind is
called the eastern, because it is the first.
2The second is called
the south, because the Most High there descends, and
frequently there descends he who is blessed
3The western wind has
the name of diminution, because there all the
luminaries of heaven are diminished, and descend.
4The fourth wind, which
is named the north, is divided into three parts; one
of which is for the habitation of man; another for
seas of water, with valleys, woods, rivers, shady
places, and snow; and the third part contains
5Seven high mountains I
beheld, higher than all the mountains of the earth,
from which frost proceeds; while days, seasons, and
years depart and pass away.
6Seven rivers I beheld
upon earth, greater than all rivers, one of which
takes its course from the west; into a great sea its
7Two come from the
north to the sea, their waters flowing into the
Erythraean sea, (82) on the east. And with
respect to the remaining four, they take their course
in the cavity of the north, two to their sea,
the Erythraean sea, and two are poured into a great
sea, where also it is said there is a desert.
(82) The Red Sea.
8Seven great islands I
saw in the sea and on the earth. Seven in the great
1The names of the sun
are these: one Aryares, the other Tomas.
2The moon has four
names. The first is Asonya; the second, Ebla; the
third, Benase; and the fourth, Erae.
3These are the two
great luminaries, whose orbs are as the orbs of
heaven; and the dimensions of both are equal.
4In the orb of the sun
there is a seventh portion of light, which is
added to it from the moon. (83) By measure
it is put in, until the seventh portion of the
light of the sun is departed. They set, enter
into the western gate, circuit by the north, and
through the eastern gate go forth over the face of
(83) A seventh
portion…from the moon. Or, "seven
parts of light which are added to it more than to
the moon" (Knibb, p. 182).
5When the moon rises,
it appears in heaven; and the half of a seventh
portion of light is all which is in it.
6In fourteen days
the whole of its light is completed.
quintuples light is put into it, until in
fifteen days its light is completed, according
to the signs of the year; it has three quintuples.
8The moon has the half
of a seventh portion.
9During its diminution
on the first day its light decreases a fourteenth
part; on the second day it decreases a thirteenth
part; on the third day a twelfth part; on the fourth
day an eleventh part; on the fifth day a tenth part;
on the sixth day a ninth part; on the seventh day it
decreases an eighth part; on the eighth day it
decreases a seventh part; on the ninth day it
decreases a sixth part; on the tenth day it decreases
a fifth part; on the eleventh day it decreases a
fourth part; on the twelfth day it decreases third
part; on the thirteenth day it decreases a second
part; on the fourteenth day it decreases a half of its
seventh part; and on the fifteenth day the whole
remainder of its light is consumed.
10On stated months the
moon has twenty-nine days.
11It also has a period
of twenty-eight days.
12Uriel likewise showed
me another regulation, when light is poured into the
moon, how it is poured into it from the sun.
13All the time that the
moon is in progress with its light, it is poured into
it in the presence of the sun, until its
light is in fourteen days completed in heaven.
14And when it is wholly
extinguished, its light is consumed in heaven; and on
the first day it is called the new moon, for on that
day light is received into it.
15It becomes precisely
completed on the day that the sun descends into the
west, while the moon ascends at night from the east.
16The moon then shines
all the night, until the sun rises before it; when the
moon disappears in turn before the sun.
17Where light comes to
the moon, there again it decreases, until all its
light is extinguished, and the days of the moon pass
18Then its orb remains
solitary without light.
19During three months
it effects in thirty days each month its
period; and during three more months it
effects it in twenty-nine days each. These are the
times in which it effects its decrease in its
first period, and in the first gate, namely,
in one hundred and seventy-seven days.
20And at the time of
its going forth during three months it appears thirty
days each, and during three more months it
appears twenty-nine days each.
21In the night it
appears for each twenty days as the face
of a man, and in the day as heaven; for it is
nothing else except its light.
1And now, my son
Mathusala, I have shown you everything; and the
account of every ordinance of the stars of
heaven is finished.
2He showed me every
ordinance respecting these, which takes place
at all times and in all seasons under every influence,
in all years, at the arrival and under the rule of
each, during every month and every week. He showed
me also the decrease of the moon, which is
effected in the sixth gate; for in that sixth gate is
its light consumed.
3From this is the
beginning of the month; and its decrease is effected
in the sixth gate in its period, until a hundred and
seventy-seven days are completed; according to the
mode of calculation by weeks, twenty-five weeks
and two days.
4Its period is
less that that of the sun, according to the ordinance
of the stars, by five days in one half year (84)
(84) In one half
year. Literally, "in one time"
(Laurence, p. 110).
5When that their
visible situation is completed. Such is the appearance
and likeness of every luminary, which Uriel, the great
angel who conducts them, showed to me.
1In those days Uriel
answered and said to me, Behold, I have showed you all
things, O Enoch;
2And all things have I
revealed to you. You see the sun, the moon, and those
which conduct the stars of heaven, which cause all
their operations, seasons, and arrivals to return.
3In the days of sinners
the years shall be shortened.
4Their seed shall be
backward in their prolific soil; and everything done
on earth shall be subverted, and disappear in its
season. The rain shall be restrained, and heaven shall
5In those days the
fruits of the earth shall be late, and not flourish in
their season; and in their season the fruits of the
trees shall be withholden.
6The moon shall change
its laws, and not be seen at its proper period. But in
those days shall heaven be seen; and barrenness shall
take place in the borders of the great chariots in the
west. Heaven shall shine more than when
illuminated by the orders of light; while many
chiefs among the stars of authority shall err,
perverting their ways and works.
7Those shall not appear
in their season, who commanded them, and all the
classes of the stars shall be shut up against sinners.
8The thoughts of those
who dwell on the earth shall transgress within them;
and they shall be perverted in all their ways.
9They shall transgress,
and think themselves (85) Elohims; while
evil shall be multiplied among them.
(85) Themselves. Or, "them"
i.e., the chiefs among the stars (vs. 6) (Knibb,
10And punishment shall
come upon them, so that all of them shall be
1He said, O Enoch, look
on the book which heaven has gradually dropped down; (86)
and, reading that which is written in it, understand
every part of it.
(86) The book
which…dropped down. Or, "the book
of the tablets of heaven" (Knibb, p. 186).
2Then I looked on all
which was written, and understood all, reading the
book and everything written in it, all the works of
3And of all the
children of flesh upon earth, during the generations
of the world.
4Immediately after I
blessed Yahuah, the King of glory, who has thus for
ever formed the whole workmanship of the world.
5And I glorified
Yahuah, on account of his long-suffering and blessing
towards the children of the world.
6At that time I said,
Blessed is the man, who shall die righteous and good,
against whom no catalogue of crime has been written,
and with whom iniquity is not found.
7Then those three
qodesh ones caused me to approach, and placed me on
the earth, before the door of my house.
8And they said unto me,
Explain everything to Mathusala your son; and inform
all your children, that no flesh shall be justified
before Yahuah; for he is their Creator.
9During one year we
shall leave you with your children, until you shalt
again recover your strength, that you may instruct
your family, write these things, and explain them to
all your children. But in another year they shall take
you from the midst of them, and your heart shall be
strengthened; for the elect shall point out
righteousness to the elect; the righteous with the
righteous shall rejoice, congratulating each other;
but the sinners with sinners shall die,
10And the perverted
with the perverted shall be drowned.
11Those likewise who
act righteously shall die on account of the works of
man, and shall be gathered together on account of the
works of the wicked.
12In those days they
finished conversing with me.
13And I returned to my
fellow men, blessing Yahuah of worlds.
1Now, my son Mathusala,
all these things I speak unto you, and write for you.
To you I have revealed all, and have given you books
2Preserve, my son
Mathusala, the books written by your father; that you
may reveal them to future generations.
3Wisdom have I given
you, to your children, and your posterity, that they
may reveal to their children, for generations for
ever, this wisdom in their thoughts; and that those
who comprehend it may not slumber, but hear
with their ears; that they may learn this wisdom, and
be deemed worthy of eating this wholesome
4Blessed are all the
righteous; blessed are all who walk in
righteousness; in whom no crime is found, as
in sinners, when all their days are numbered.
5With respect to the
progress of the sun in heaven, it enters and goes out
of each gate for thirty days, with the leaders
of the thousand classes of the stars; with four which
are added, and appertain to the four quarters of the
year, which conduct them, and accompany them at four
6Respecting these, men
greatly err, and do not calculate them in the
calculation of every age; for they greatly err
respecting them; nor do men know accurately that they
are in the calculation of the year. But indeed these
are marked down for ever; one in the first gate, one
in the third, one in the fourth, and one in the sixth:
7So that the year is
completed in three hundred and sixty-four days.
8Truly has been stated,
and accurately has been calculated that which is
marked down; for the luminaries, the months, the fixed
periods, the years, and the days, Uriel has explained
to me, and communicated to me; whom Yahuah of all
creation, on my account, commanded (according to the
might of heaven, and the power which it possesses both
by night and by day) to explain the laws of
light to man, of the sun, moon, and stars, and of all
the powers of heaven, which are turned with their
9This is the ordinance
of the stars, which set in their places, in their
seasons, in their periods, in their days, and in their
10These are the names
of the those who conduct them, who watch and enter in
their seasons, according to their ordinance in their
periods, in their months, in the times of
their influence, and in their stations.
11Four conductors of
them first enter, who separate the four quarters of
the year. After these, twelve conductors of their
classes, who separate the months and the year into
three hundred and sixty-four days, with the
leaders of a thousand, who distinguish between the
days, as well as between the four additional ones;
which, as conductors, divide the four quarters
of the year.
12These leaders of a
thousand are in the midst of the conductors, and the
conductors are added each behind his station, and
their conductors make the separation. These are the
names of the conductors, who separate the four
quarters of the year, who are appointed over them:
13Meliyal, and Narel.
14And the names of
those who conduct them are Adnarel, Jyasusal, and
15These are the three
who follow after the conductors of the classes of
stars; each following after the three conductors
of the classes, which themselves follow after those
conductors of the stations, who divide the four
quarters of the year.
16In the first part of
the year rises and rules Melkyas, who is named Tamani,
and Zahay. (87)
(87) Tamani, and
Zahay. Or, "the southern sun" (Knibb,
17All the days of his
influence, during which he rules, are
18And these are the
signs of the days which are seen upon the earth. In
the days of his influence there is
perspiration, heat, and trouble. All the trees become
fruitful; the leaf of every tree comes forth; the corn
is reaped; the rose and every species of flowers
blossoms in the field; and the trees of winter are
19These are the names
of the conductors who are under them: Barkel,
Zelsabel; and another additional conductor of a
thousand is named Heloyalef, the days of those
influence have been completed. The other conductor
next after them is Helemmelek, whose name they
call the splendid Zahay. (88)
(88) Zahay. Or, "sun"
(Knibb, p. 191).
20All the days of his
light are ninety-one days.
21These are the signs
of the days upon earth, heat and drought; while the
trees bring forth their fruits, warmed and concocted,
and give their fruits to dry.
22The flocks follow and
yean. (89) All the fruits of the earth are
collected, with everything in the fields, and the
vines are trodden. This takes place during the time of
(89) Follow and
yean. Mate and bear young.
23These are their names
and orders, and the names of the conductors
who are under them, of those who are chiefs of a
thousand: Gedaeyal, Keel, Heel.
24And the name of the
additional leader of a thousand is Asphael.
25The days of his
influence have been completed.
1And now I have shown
you, my son Mathusala, every sight which I saw prior
to your birth. I will relate another vision, which I
saw before I was married; they resemble each other.
2The first was when I
was learning a book; and the other before I was
married to your mother. I saw a potent vision;
3And on account of
these things besought Yahuah.
4I was lying down in
the house of my grandfather Malalel, when I
saw in a vision heaven purifying, and snatched away. (90)
and snatched away. Or, "was
thrown down and removed" (Knibb, p. 192).
5And falling to the
earth, (91) I saw likewise the earth
absorbed by a great abyss; and mountains suspended
(91) And falling
to the earth. Or, "and when
it fell upon the earth" (Knibb, p. 192).
6Hills were sinking
upon hills, lofty trees were gliding off from their
trunks, and were in the act of being projected, and of
sinking into the abyss.
at these things, my voice faltered. (92) I
cried out and said, The earth is destroyed. Then my
grandfather Malalel raised me up, and said to me: Why
do you thus cry out, my son? And wherefore thus do you
(92) My voice
"the word fell down in my mouth" (Laurence, p.
8I related to him the
whole vision which I had seen. He said to me,
Confirmed is that which you have seen, my son;
9And potent the vision
of your dream respecting every secret sin of the
earth. Its substance shall sink into the abyss, and a
great destruction take place.
10Now, my son, rise up;
and beseech Yahuah of glory (for you are faithful),
that a remnant may be left upon earth, and that he
would not wholly destroy it. My son, all this calamity
upon earth comes down from heaven; upon earth shall
there be a great destruction.
11Then I arose, prayed,
and entreated; and wrote down my prayer for the
generations of the world, explaining everything to my
12When I went down
below, and looking up to heaven, beheld the sun
proceeding from the east, the moon descending to the
west, a few scattered stars, and everything
which Elohim has known from the beginning, I blessed
Yahuah of judgment, and magnified him: because he hath
sent forth the sun from the chambers (93)
of the east; that, ascending and rising in the face of
heaven, it might spring up, and pursue the path which
has been pointed out to it.
(93) Chambers. Literally,
"windows" (Laurence, p. 119).
1I lifted up my hands
in righteousness, and blessed the qodesh, and the
Great One. I spoke with the breath of my mouth, and
with a tongue of flesh, which Elohim has formed for
all the sons of mortal men, that with it they may
speak; giving them breath, a mouth, and a tongue to
2Blessed are you, O
Lord, the King, great and powerful in your greatness,
Lord of all the creatures of heaven, King of kings,
Elohim of the whole world, whose reign, whose kingdom,
and whose majesty endure for ever and ever.
3From generation to
generation shall your dominion exist. All the
heavens are your throne for ever, and all the earth
your footstool for ever and for ever.
4For you have made them,
and over all you reign. No act whatsoever exceeds your
power. With your wisdom is unchangeable; nor from your
throne and from your presence is it ever averted. You
know all things, see and hear them; nor is anything
concealed from you; for you perceive all things.
5The angels of your
heavens have transgressed; and on mortal flesh shall
your wrath remain, until the day of the great
6Now then, O Elohim,
Lord and mighty King, I entreat you, and beseech you
to grant my prayer, that a posterity may be left to me
on earth, and that the whole human race may not
7That the earth may not
be left destitute, and destruction take place for
8O my Lord, let the
race perish from off the earth which has offended you,
but a righteous and upright race establish for a
posterity (94) for ever. Hide not your
face, O Lord, from the prayer of your servant.
(94) For a
"for the plant of a seed" (Laurence, p. 121).
1After this I saw
another dream, and explained it all to you, my son.
Enoch arose and said to his son Mathusala, To you, my
son, will I speak. Hear my word; and incline your ear
to the visionary dream of your father. Before I
married your mother Edna, I saw a vision on my bed; (95)
(95) This second vision of Enoch
seems to portray in symbolic language the complete
history of the world from the time of Adam down to the
final judgment and the establishment of the Messianic
Kingdom (Charles, p. 227).
2And behold, a cow
sprung forth from the earth;
3And this cow was
4Afterwards a female
heifer sprung forth; and with it another heifer: (96)
one of them was black, and one was red. (97)
heifer. The sense seems to require that
the passage should read, "two other heifers"
(Laurence, p. 121).
(97) Cain and Abel.
5The black heifer then
struck the red one, and pursued it over the earth.
6From that period I
could see nothing more of the red heifer; but the
black one increased in bulk, and a female heifer came
7After this I saw that
many cows proceeded forth, resembling him, and
following after him.
8The first female young
one also went out in the presence of the first cow;
and sought the red heifer, but found him not.
9And she lamented with
a great lamentation, while she was seeking him.
10Then I looked until
that first cow came to her, from which time
she became silent, and ceased to lament.
11Afterwards she calved
another white cow.
12And again calved many
cows and black heifers.
13In my sleep also I
perceived a white bull, which in like manner grew, and
became a large white bull.
14After him many white
cows came forth, resembling him.
15And they began to
calve many other white cows, which resembled
them and followed each other.
1Again I looked
attentively, while sleeping, and surveyed heaven
2And behold a single
star fell from heaven.
3Which being raised up,
ate and fed among those cows.
4After that I perceived
other large and black cows; and behold all of
them changed their stalls and pastures, while their
young began to lament one with another. Again I looked
in my vision, and surveyed heaven; when behold
I saw many stars which descended, and projected
themselves from heaven to where the first star was,
5Into the midst of
those young ones; while the cows were with them,
feeding in the midst of them.
6I looked at and
observed them; when behold, they all acted after the
manner of horses, and began to approach the young
cows, all of whom became pregnant, and brought forth
elephants, camels, and asses.
7At these all the cows
were alarmed and terrified; when they began biting
with their teeth, swallowing, and striking with their
8They began also to
devour the cows; and behold all the children of the
earth trembled, shook with terror at them, and
suddenly fled away.
1Again I perceived
them, when they began to strike and to swallow each
other; and the earth cried out. Then I raised my eyes
a second time towards heaven, and saw in a vision,
that, behold, there came forth from heaven as it were
the likeness of white men. One came forth from thence,
and three with him.
2Those three, who came
forth last, seized me by my hand; and raising me up
from the generations of the earth, elevated me to a
3Then they showed me a
lofty tower on the earth, while every hill became
diminished. And they said, Remain here, until you
perceive what shall come upon those elephants, camels,
and asses, upon the stars, and upon all the cows.
1Then I looked at that
one of the four white men, who came forth
2He seized the first
star which fell down from heaven.
3And, binding it hand
and foot, he cast it into a valley; a valley narrow,
deep, stupendous, and gloomy.
4Then one of them drew
his sword, and gave it to the elephants, camels, and
asses, who began to strike each other. And the whole
earth shook on account of them.
5And when I looked in
the vision, behold, one of those four angels, who came
forth, hurled from heaven, collected together, and
took all the great stars, whose form partly resembles
that of horses; and binding them all hand and foot,
cast them into the cavities of the earth.
1Then one of those four
went to the white cows, and taught them a mystery.
While the cow was trembling, it was born, and became a
man, (98) and fabricated for himself a
large ship. In this he dwelt, and three cows (99)
dwelt with him in that ship, which covered them.
(99) Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
2Again I lifted up my
eyes towards heaven, and saw a lofty roof. Above it
were seven cataracts, which poured fourth on a certain
village much water.
3Again I looked, and
behold there were fountains open on the earth in that
4The water began to
boil up, and rose over the earth; so that the village
was not seen, while its whole soil was covered with
5Much water was over
it, darkness, and clouds. Then I surveyed the height
of this water; and it was elevated above the village.
6It flowed over the
village, and stood higher than the earth.
7Then all the cows
which were collected there, while I looked on them,
were drowned, swallowed up, and destroyed in the
8But the ship floated
above it. All the cows, the elephants, the camels, and
the asses, were drowned on the earth, and all cattle.
Nor could I perceive them. Neither were they able to
get out, but perished, and sunk into the deep.
9Again I looked in the
vision until those cataracts from that lofty roof were
removed, and the fountains of the earth became
equalized, while other depths were opened;
10Into which the water
began to descend, until the dry ground appeared.
11The ship remained on
the earth; the darkness receded; and it became light.
12Then the white cow,
which became a man, went out of the ship, and the
three cows with him.
13One of the three cows
was white, resembling that cow; one of them was red as
blood; and one of them was black. And the white cow
14Then began wild
beasts and birds to bring forth.
15Of all these the
different kinds assembled together, lions, tigers,
wolves, dogs, wild boars, foxes, rabbits, and the
16The siset, the avest,
kites, the phonkas, and ravens.
17Then the white cow (100)
was born in the midst of them.
18And they began to
bite each other; when the white cow, which was born in
the midst of them, brought forth a wild ass and a
white cow at the same time, and after that
many wild asses. Then the white cow, (101)
which was born, brought forth a black wild sow and a
white sheep. (102)
(102) Esau and Jacob.
19That wild sow also
brought forth many swine.
20And that sheep
brought forth twelve sheep. (103)
(103) The twelve patriarchs.
21When those twelve
sheep grew up, they delivered one of them (104)
to the asses. (105)
(105) The Midianites.
22Again those asses
delivered that sheep to the wolves, (106)
(106) The Egyptians.
23And he grew up in the
midst of them.
24Then Yahuah brought
the eleven other sheep, that they might dwell
and feed with him in the midst of the wolves.
25They multiplied, and
there was abundance of pasture for them.
26But the wolves began
to frighten and oppress them, while they destroyed
their young ones.
27And they left their
young in torrents of deep water.
28Now the sheep began
to cry out on account of their young, and fled for
refuge to their Lord. One (107) however,
which was saved, escaped, and went away to the wild
29I beheld the sheep
moaning, crying, and petitioning their Lord.
30With all their might,
until Yahuah of the sheep descended at their voice
from his lofty habitation; went to them; and
31He called to that
sheep which had secretly stolen away from the wolves,
and told him to make the wolves understand that they
were not to touch the sheep.
32Then that sheep went
to the wolves with the word of Yahuah, when another
met him, (108) and proceeded with him.
33Both of them together
entered the dwelling of the wolves; and conversing
with them made them understand, that thenceforwards
they were not to touch the sheep.
perceived the wolves greatly prevailing over the sheep
with their whole force. The sheep cried out; and their
Lord came to them.
35He began to strike
the wolves, who commenced a grievous lamentation; but
the sheep were silent, nor from that time did they cry
36I then looked at
them, until they departed from the wolves. The eyes of
the wolves were blind, who went out and followed them
with all their might. But Yahuah of the sheep
proceeded with them, and conducted them.
37All his sheep
38His countenance was
terrific and splendid, and glorious was his aspect.
Yet the wolves began to follow the sheep, until they
overtook them in a certain lake of water. (109)
(109) The Red Sea.
39Then that lake became
divided; the water standing up on both sides before
40And while their Lord
was conducting them, he placed himself between them
and the wolves.
41The wolves however
perceived not the sheep, but went into the midst of
the lake, following them, and running after them into
the lake of water.
42But when they saw
Yahuah of the sheep, they turned to fly from before
43Then the water of the
lake returned, and that suddenly, according to its
nature. It became full, and was raised up, until it
covered the wolves. And I saw that all of them which
had followed the sheep perished, and were drowned.
44But the sheep passed
over this water, proceeding to a wilderness, which was
without both water and grass. And they began to open
their eyes and to see.
45Then I beheld Yahuah
of the sheep inspecting them, and giving them water
46The sheep already
mentioned was proceeding with them, and
47And when he had
ascended the top of the lofty rock, Yahuah of the
sheep sent him to them.
perceived their Lord standing before them, with an
aspect terrific and severe.
49And when they all
beheld him, they were frightened at his countenance.
50All of them were
alarmed, and trembled. They cried out after that
sheep; and to the other sheep who had been with him,
and who was in the midst of them, saying, We
are not able to stand before our Lord, or to look upon
51Then that sheep who
conducted them went away, and ascended the top of the
52When the rest of
the sheep began to grow blind, and to wander
from the path which he had shown them; but he knew it
53Their Lord however
was moved with great indignation against them; and
when that sheep had learned what had happened,
54He descended from the
top of the rock, and coming to them, found that there
55Which had become
56And had wandered from
his path. As soon as they beheld him, they feared, and
trembled at his presence;
57And became desirous
of returning to their fold,
58Then that sheep,
taking with him other sheep, went to those which had
59And afterwards began
to kill them. They were terrified at his countenance.
Then he caused those which had wandered to return; who
went back to their fold.
60I likewise saw there
in the vision, that this sheep became a man, built a
house (110) for Yahuah of the sheep, and
made them all stand in the house.
(110) A house. A tabernacle
(Milik, p. 205).
61I perceived also that
the sheep which proceeded to meet this sheep, their
conductor, died. I saw, too, that all the great sheep
perished, while smaller ones rose up in their place,
entered into a pasture, and approached a river of
(111) The river Jordan.
62Then that sheep,
their conductor, who became a man, was separated from
them, and died.
63All the sheep sought
after him, and cried for him with bitter lamentation.
64I saw likewise that
they ceased to cry after that sheep, and passed over
the river of water.
65And that there arose
other sheep, all of whom conducted them, (112)
instead of those who were dead, and who had previously
(112) The Judges of Israel.
66Then I saw that the
sheep entered into a goodly place, and a territory
delectable and glorious.
67I saw also that they
became satiated; that their house was in the midst of
a delectable territory; and that sometimes their eyes
were opened, and that sometimes they were blind; until
another sheep (113) arose and conducted
them. He brought them all back; and their eyes were
68Then dogs, foxes, and
wild boars began to devour them, until again
another sheep (114) arose, the master of
the flock, one of themselves, a ram, to conduct them.
This ram began to butt on every side those dogs,
foxes, and wild boars, until they all perished.
his eyes, and saw the ram in the
midst of them, who had laid aside his glory.
70And he began to
strike the sheep, treading upon them, and behaving
himself without dignity.
71Then their Lord sent
the former sheep again to a still
different sheep, (115) and raised him up
to be a ram, and to conduct them instead of that sheep
who had laid aside his glory.
72Going therefore to
him, and conversing with him alone, he raised up that
ram, and made him a prince and leader of the flock.
All the time that the dogs (116) troubled
(116) The Philistines.
73The first ram paid
respect to this latter ram.
74Then the latter ram
arose, and fled away from before his face. And I saw
that those dogs caused the first ram to fall.
75But the latter ram
arose, and conducted the smaller sheep.
76That ram likewise
begat many sheep, and died.
77Then there was a
smaller sheep, (117) a ram, instead of
him, which became a prince and leader, conducting the
78And the sheep
increased in size, and multiplied.
79And all the dogs,
foxes, and wild boars feared, and fled away from him.
80That ram also struck
and killed all the wild beasts, so that they could not
again prevail in the midst of the sheep, nor at any
time ever snatch them away.
81And that house was
made large and wide; a lofty tower being built upon it
by the sheep, for Yahuah of the sheep.
82The house was low,
but the tower was elevated and very high.
83Then Yahuah of the
sheep stood upon that tower, and caused a full table
to approach before him.
84Again I saw that
those sheep wandered, and went various ways, forsaking
that their house;
85And that their Lord
called to some among them, whom he sent (118)
(118) The prophets.
86But these the sheep
began to kill. And when one of them was saved from
slaughter (119) he leaped, and cried out
against those who were desirous of killing him.
87But Yahuah of the
sheep delivered him from their hands, and made him
ascend to him, and remain with him.
88He sent also many
others to them, to testify, and with lamentations to
exclaim against them.
89Again I saw, when
some of them forsook the house of their Lord, and his
tower; wandering on all sides, and growing blind,
90I saw that Yahuah of
the sheep made a great slaughter among them in their
pasture, until they cried out to him in consequence of
that slaughter. Then he departed from the place of
his habitation, and left them in the power of
lions, tigers, wolves, and the zeebt, (120)
and in the power of foxes, and of every beast.
(120) Zeebt. Hyenas.
(Knibb, p. 209).
91And the wild beasts
began to tear them.
92I saw, too, that he
forsook the house of their fathers, and their tower;
giving them all into the power of lions to tear and
devour them; into the power of every beast.
93Then I began to cry
out with all my might, imploring Yahuah of the sheep,
and showing him how the sheep were devoured by all the
beasts of prey.
94But he looked on in
silence, rejoicing that they were devoured, swallowed
up, and carried off; and leaving them in the power of
every beast for food. He called also seventy
shepherds, and resigned to them the care of
the sheep, that they might overlook them;
95Saying to them and to
their associates, Every one of you henceforwards
overlook the sheep, and whatsoever I command you, do;
and I will deliver them to you numbered.
96I will tell you which
of them shall be slain; these destroy. And he
delivered the sheep to them.
97Then he called to
another, and said, Understand, and watch everything
which the shepherds shall do to these sheep; for many
more of them shall perish than I have commanded.
98Of every excess and
slaughter, which the shepherds shall commit, there
shall be an account; as, how many may have
perished by my command, and how many they may have
destroyed of their own heads.
99Of all the
destruction brought about by each of the
shepherds there shall be an account; and according to
the number I will cause a recital to be made before
me, how many they have destroyed of their own heads,
and how many they have delivered up to destruction,
that I may have this testimony against them; that I
may know all their proceedings; and that, delivering the
sheep to them, I may see what they will do;
whether they will act as I have commanded them, or
however, they shall be ignorant; neither shall you
make any explanation to them, neither shall you
reprove them; but there shall be an account of all the
destruction done by them in their respective
seasons. Then they began to kill, and destroy more
than it was commanded them.
101And they left the
sheep in the power of the lions, so that very many of
them were devoured and swallowed up by lions and
tigers; and wild boars preyed upon them. That tower
they burnt, and overthrew that house.
102Then I grieved
extremely on account of the tower, and because the
house of the sheep was overthrown.
103Neither was I
afterwards able to perceive whether they again entered
likewise, and their associates, delivered them to all
the wild beasts, that they might devour them. Each of
them in his season, according to his number, was
delivered up; each of them, one with another, was
described in a book, how many of them, one with
another, were destroyed, in a book.
105More, however, than
was ordered, every shepherd killed and
106Then I began to
weep, and was greatly indignant, on account of the
107In like manner also
I saw in the vision him who wrote, how he wrote down
one, destroyed by the shepherds, every day. He
ascended, remained, and exhibited each of his books to
Yahuah of the sheep, containing all which they
had done, and all which each of them had made away
108And all which they
had delivered up to destruction.
109He took the book up
in his hands, read it, sealed it, and deposited it.
110After this, I saw
shepherds overlooking for twelve hours.
111And behold three of
the sheep (121) departed, arrived, went
in; and began building all which was fallen down of
(121) Zerubbabel, Joshua, and
112But the wild boars (122)
hindered them, although they prevailed not.
(122) The Samaritans.
113Again they began to
build as before, and raised up that tower, which was
called a lofty tower.
114And again they began
to place before the tower a table, with every impure
and unclean kind of bread upon it.
115Moreover also all
the sheep were blind, and could not see, as were the
116Thus were they
delivered up to the shepherds for a great destruction,
who trod them under foot, and devoured them.
117Yet was their Lord
silent, until all the sheep in the field were
destroyed. The shepherds and the sheep were all mixed
together; but they did not save them from the power of
118Then he who wrote
the book ascended, exhibited it, and read it at the
residence of Yahuah of the sheep. He petitioned him
for them, and prayed, pointing out every act of the
shepherds, and testifying before him against them all.
Then taking the book, he deposited it with him, and
1And I observed during
the time, that thus thirty-seven (123)
shepherds were overlooking, all of whom finished in
their respective periods as the first. Others then
received them into their hands, that they might
overlook them in their respective periods, every
shepherd in his own period.
(123) Thirty-seven. An apparent
error for thirty-five (see verse
7). The kings of Judah and Israel (Laurence, p.
2Afterwards I saw in
the vision, that all the birds of heaven arrived;
eagles, the avest, kites and ravens. The eagle
instructed them all.
3They began to devour
the sheep, to peck out their eyes, and to eat up their
4The sheep then cried
out; for their bodies were devoured by the birds.
5I also cried out, and
groaned in my sleep against the shepherd which
overlooked the flock.
6And I looked, while
the sheep were eaten up by the dogs, by the eagles,
and by the kites. They neither left them their body,
nor their skin, nor their muscles, until their bones
alone remained; until their bones fell upon the
ground. And the sheep became diminished.
7I observed likewise
during the time, that twenty-tree shepherds (124)
were overlooking; who completed in their respective
periods fifty-eight periods.
(124) The kings of Babylon, etc.,
during and after the captivity. The numbers
twenty-three make fifty-eight; and not thirty-seven, as
erroneously put in the first verse (Laurence, p.
8Then were small lambs
born of those white sheep; who began to open their
eyes and to see, crying out to the sheep.
9The sheep, however,
cried not out to them, neither did they hear what they
uttered to them; but were deaf, blind, and obdurate in
the greatest degrees.
10I saw in the vision
that ravens flew down upon those lambs;
11That they seized one
of them; and that tearing the sheep in pieces, they
12I saw also, that the
horns grew upon those lambs; and that the ravens
lighted down upon their horns.
13I saw, too, that a
large horn sprouted out on an animal among the sheep,
and that their eyes were opened.
14He looked at them.
Their eyes were wide open; and he cried out to them.
15Then the dabela (125)
saw him; all of whom ran to him.
(125) Dabela. The ibex,
probably symbolizing Alexander the Great
(Laurence, p. 140).
16And besides this, all
the eagles, the avest, the ravens and the kites, were
still carrying off the sheep, flying down upon them,
and devouring them. The sheep were silent, but the
dabela lamented and cried out.
17Then the ravens
contended, and struggled with them.
18They wished among
them to break his horn; but they prevailed not over
19I looked on them,
until the shepherds, the eagles, the avest, and the
20Who cried out to the
ravens to break the horn of the dabela; to contend
with him; and to kill him. But he struggled with them,
and cried out, that help might come to him.
21Then I perceived that
the man came who had written down the names of the
shepherds, and who ascended up before Yahuah of the
assistance, and caused every one to see him descending
to the help of the dabela.
23I perceived likewise
that Yahuah of the sheep came to them in wrath, while
all those who saw him fled away; all fell down in his
tabernacle before his face; while all the eagles, the
avest, ravens, and kites assembled, and brought with
them all the sheep of the field.
24All came together,
and strove to break the horn of the dabela.
25Then I saw, that the
man, who wrote the book at the word of Yahuah, opened
the book of destruction, of that destruction which the
last twelve shepherds (126) wrought; and
pointed out before Yahuah of the sheep, that they
destroyed more than those who preceded them.
(126) The native princes of Judah
after its delivery from the Syrian yoke.
26I saw also that
Yahuah of the sheep came to them, and taking in his
hand the sceptre of his wrath seized the earth, which
became rent asunder; while all the beasts and birds of
heaven fell from the sheep, and sunk into the earth,
which closed over them.
27I saw, too, that a
large sword was given to the sheep, who went forth
against all the beasts of the field to slay them.
28But all the beasts
and birds of heaven fled away from before their face.
29And I saw a throne
erected in a delectable land;
30Upon this sat Yahuah
of the sheep, who received all the sealed books;
31Which were open
32Then Yahuah called
the first seven white ones, and commanded them to
bring before him the first of the first stars, which
preceded the stars whose form partly resembled that of
horses; the first star, which fell down first; and
they brought them all before him.
33And he spoke to the
man who wrote in his presence, who was one of the
seven white ones, saying, Take those seventy
shepherds, to whom I delivered up the sheep, and who
receiving them killed more of them than I commanded.
Behold, I saw them all bound, and standing before him.
First came on the trial of the stars, which, being
judged, and found guilty, went to the place of
punishment. They thrust them into a place,
deep, and full of flaming fire, and full of pillars of
fire. Then the seventy shepherds were judged, and
being found guilty, were thrust into the flaming
34At that time likewise
I perceived, that one abyss was thus opened in the
midst of the earth, which was full of fire.
35And to this were
brought the blind sheep; which being judged, and found
guilty, were all thrust into that abyss of fire on the
earth, and burnt.
36The abyss was on the
right of that house.
37And I saw the sheep
burning, and their bones consuming.
38I stood beholding him
immerge that ancient house, while they brought out its
pillars, every plant in it, and the ivory infolding
it. They brought it out, and deposited it in a place
on the right side of the earth.
39I also saw, that
Yahuah of the sheep produced a new house, great, and
loftier than the former, which he bound by the former
circular spot. All its pillars were new, and its ivory
new, as well as more abundant than the former ancient
ivory, which he had brought out.
40And while all the
sheep which were left were in the midst of it, all the
beasts of the earth, and all the birds of heaven, fell
down and worshipped them, petitioning them, and
obeying them in everything.
41Then those three, who
were clothed in white, and who, holding me by my hand,
had before caused me to ascend, while the hand of him
who spoke held me; raised me up, and placed me
in the midst of the sheep, before the judgment took
42The sheep were all
white, with wool long and pure. Then all who had
perished, and had been destroyed, every beast of the
field, and every bird of heaven, assembled in that
house: while Yahuah of the sheep rejoiced with great
joy, because all were good, and had come back again to
43And I saw that they
laid down the sword which had been given to the sheep,
and returned it to his house, sealing it up in the
presence of Yahuah.
44All the sheep would
have been inclosed in that house, had it been capable
of containing them; and the eyes of all were open,
gazing on the good One; nor was there one among them
who did not behold him.
45I likewise perceived
that the house was large, wide, and extremely full. I
saw, too, that a white cow was born, whose horns were
great; and that all the beasts of the field, and all
the birds of heaven, were alarmed at him, and
entreated him at all times.
46Then I saw that the
nature of all of them was changed, and that they
became white cows;
47And that the first, who
was in the midst of them, spoke, when that word became
(127) a large beast, upon the head of which
were great and black horns;
(127) Spoke, when
that word came. Or "was a
wild-ox, and that wild-ox was…" (Knibb, p. 216).
48While Yahuah of the
sheep rejoiced over them, and over all the cows.
49I lay down in the
midst of them: I awoke; and saw the whole. This is the
vision which I saw, lying down and waking. Then I
blessed Yahuah of righteousness, and gave glory to
50Afterwards I wept
abundantly, nor did my tears cease, so that I became
incapable of enduring it. While I was looking on, they
flowed on account of what I saw; for all was come and
gone by; every individual circumstance respecting the
conduct of mankind was seen by me.
51In that night I
remembered my former dream; and therefore wept and was
troubled, because I had seen that vision.
1And now, my son
Mathusala, call to me all your brethren, and assemble
for me all the children of your mother; for a voice
calls me, and the spirit is poured out upon me, that I
may show you everything which shall happen to you for
2Then Mathusala went,
called to him all his brethren, and assembled his
3And conversing with
all his children in truth,
Hear, my children, every word of your father, and
listen in uprightness to the voice of my mouth; for I
would gain your attention, while I address you. My
beloved, be attached to integrity, and walk in it.
5Approach not integrity
with a double heart; nor be associated with
double-minded men: but walk, my children, in
righteousness, which will conduct you in good paths;
and be truth your companion.
6For I know, that
oppression will exist and prevail on earth; that on
earth great punishment shall in the end take place;
and that there shall be a consummation of all
iniquity, which shall be cut off from its root, and
every fabric raised by it shall pass away.
Iniquity, however, shall again be renewed, and
consummated on earth. Every act of crime, and every
act of oppression and impiety, shall be a second time
iniquity, sin, blasphemy, tyranny, and every evil
work, shall increase, and when transgression,
impiety, and uncleanness also shall increase, then
upon them all shall great punishment be inflicted from
8The qodesh Lord shall
go forth in wrath, and upon them all shall great
punishment from heaven be inflicted.
9The qodesh Lord shall
go forth in wrath, and with punishment, that he may
execute judgment upon earth.
10In those days
oppression shall be cut off from its roots, and
iniquity with fraud shall be eradicated, perishing
from under heaven.
11Every place of
strength (128) shall be surrendered with
its inhabitants; with fire shall it be burnt. They
shall be brought from every part of the earth, and be
cast into a judgment of fire. They shall perish in
wrath, and by a judgment overpowering them for ever.
(128) Every place
of strength. Or, "all the
idols of the nations" (Knibb, p. 218).
be raised up from slumber; and wisdom shall be raised
up, and conferred upon them.
13Then shall the roots
of iniquity be cut off; sinners perish by the sword;
and blasphemers be annihilated everywhere.
14Those who meditate
oppression, and those who blaspheme, by the sword
15And now, my children,
I will describe and point out to you the path of
righteousness and the path of oppression.
16I will again point
them out to you, that you may know what is to come.
17Hear now, my
children, and walk in the path of righteousness, but
shun that of oppression; for all who walk in the path
of iniquity shall perish for ever.
1That which was written
by Enoch. He wrote all this instruction of wisdom for
every man of dignity, and every judge of the earth;
for all my children who shall dwell upon earth, and
for subsequent generations, conducting themselves
uprightly and peaceably.
2Let not your spirit be
grieved on account of the times; for the qodesh, the
Great One, has prescribed a period to all.
3Let the righteous man
arise from slumber; let him arise, and proceed in the
path of righteousness, in all its paths; and let him
advance in goodness and eternal clemency. Mercy shall
be showed to the righteous man; upon him shall be
conferred integrity and power for ever. In goodness
and in righteousness shall he exist, and shall walk in
everlasting light; but sin shall perish in eternal
darkness, nor be seen from that time forward for
1After this, Enoch
began to speak from a book.
2And Enoch said,
Concerning the children of righteousness, concerning
the elect of the world, and concerning the plant of
righteousness and integrity.
these things will I speak, and these things
will I explain to you, my children: I who am
Enoch. In consequence of that which has been shown to
me, from my heavenly vision and from the voice of the
qodesh angels (129) have I acquired
knowledge; and from the tablet of heaven have I
angels. A Qumran text reads, "Watchers
and Qodesh Ones," clearly denoting heavenly
Watchers who did not fall along with the wicked
ones (Milik, p. 264). See also Dan. 4:13, "a
watcher and a qodesh one came down from heaven";
4:17, "watchers, and…qodesh ones."
4Enoch then began to
speak from a book, and said, I have been born the
seventh in the first week, while judgment and
righteousness wait with patience.
5But after me, in the
second week, great wickedness shall arise, and fraud
shall spring forth.
6In that week the end
of the first shall take place, in which mankind shall
be safe. (130)
shall be safe. Or, "a man
will be saved" (Knibb, p. 224).
7But when the first
is completed, iniquity shall grow up; and during
the second week he shall execute the decree (131)
(131) The Deluge after the first
(in the middle of the second) Millennium (2500 B.C.).
8Afterwards, in the
third week, during its completion, a man (132) of
the plant of righteous judgment shall be selected; and
after him the Plant (133) of
righteousness shall come for ever.
(132) King David at the end of the
third Millennium (1000 B.C.).
(133) The Messiah at the end of the fourth Millennium
(4 B.C. to 30 A.D.).
9Subsequently, in the
fourth week, during its completion, the visions of the
qodesh and the righteous shall be seen, the order of
generation after generation shall take place,
and a habitation shall be made for them. Then in the
fifth week, during its completion, the house of glory
and of dominion (134) shall be erected for
(134) The establishment (30 A.D.)
and building of the Church through the fifth (and
10After that, in the
sixth week, all those who are in it shall be darkened,
the hearts of all of them shall be forgetful of
wisdom, and in it shall a Man (135) arise
and come forth.
(135) The Messiah at the end of
the sixth Millennium.
11And during its
completion He shall burn the house of dominion with
fire, and all the race of the elect root shall be
(136) The destruction of Jerusalem
and the disbursement of those who dwell in that land
at the end of the sixth (and the beginning of the
12Afterwards, in the
seventh week, a perverse generation shall arise;
abundant shall be its deeds, and all its deeds
perverse. During its completion, the righteous shall
be selected from the everlasting plant of
righteousness; and to them shall be given the
sevenfold doctrine of his whole creation.
shall be another week, the eighth (137) of
righteousness, to which shall be given a sword to
execute judgment and justice upon all oppressors.
(137) The beginning of the eighth
14Sinners shall be
delivered up into the hands of the righteous, who
during its completion shall acquire habitations by
their righteousness; and the house of the great King
shall be established for celebrations for ever. After
this, in the ninth week, shall the judgment of
righteousness be revealed to the whole world.
15Every work of the
unElohimly shall disappear from the whole earth; the
world shall be marked for destruction; and all men
shall be on the watch for the path of integrity.
16And after this, on
the seventh day of the tenth week, there shall be an
everlasting judgment, which shall be executed upon the
Watchers; and a spacious eternal heaven shall spring
forth in the midst of the angels.
17The former heaven
shall depart and pass away; a new heaven shall appear;
and all the celestial powers shall shine with
sevenfold splendour for ever. Afterwards likewise
shall there be many weeks, which shall externally
exist in goodness and in righteousness.
18Neither shall sin be
named there for ever and for ever.
19Who is there of all
the children of men, capable of hearing the voice of
the Qodesh One without emotion?
20Who is there capable
of thinking his thoughts? Who capable of contemplating
all the workmanship of heaven? Who of comprehending
the deeds of heaven?
21He may behold its
animation, but not its spirit. He may be capable of
conversing respecting it, but not of ascending
to it. He may see all the boundaries of these
things, and meditate upon them; but he can make
nothing like them.
22Who of all men is
able to understand the breadth and length of the
23By whom have been
seen the dimensions of all these things? Is it every
man who is capable of comprehending the extent of
heaven; what its elevation is, and by what it is
24How many are the
numbers of the stars; and where all the luminaries
remain at rest?
1And now let me exhort
you, my children, to love righteousness, and to walk
in it; for the paths of righteousness are worthy of
acceptation; but the paths of iniquity shall suddenly
fail, and be diminished.
2To men of note in
their generation the paths of oppression and death are
revealed; but they keep far from them, and do not
3Now, too, let me
exhort you who are righteous, not to walk in
the paths of evil and oppression, nor in the paths of
death. Approach them not, that you may not perish; but
4And choose for
yourselves righteousness, and a good life.
5Walk in the paths of
peace, that you may live, and be found worthy. Retain
my words in your inmost thoughts, and obliterate them
not from your hearts; for I know that sinners counsel
men to commit crime craftily. They are not found in
every place, nor does every counsel possess a little
6Woe to those who build
iniquity and oppression, and who lay the foundation of
fraud; for suddenly shall they be subverted, and never
7Woe to those who build
up their houses with crime; for from their very
foundations shall their houses be demolished, and by
the sword shall they themselves fall. Those,
too, who acquire gold and silver, shall justly and
suddenly perish. Woe to you who are rich, for in your
riches have you trusted; but from your riches you
shall be removed; because you have not remembered the
Most High in the days of your prosperity.
8You have committed
blasphemy and iniquity; and are destined to the day of
the effusion of blood, to the day of darkness, and to
the day of the great judgment.
9This I will declare
and point out to you, that he who created you will
10When you fall, he
will not show you mercy; but your Creator will rejoice
in your destruction.
11Let those, then, who
shall be righteous among you in those days, detest
sinners, and the unElohimly.
1O that my eyes were
clouds of water, that I might weep over you, and pour
forth my tears like rain, and rest from the sorrow of
2Who has permitted you
to hate and to transgress? Judgment shall overtake
you, ye sinners.
3The righteous shall
not fear the wicked; because Elohim will again bring
them into your power, that you may avenge yourselves
of them according to your pleasure.
4Woe to you who shall
be so bound by execrations, that you cannot be
released from them; the remedy being far removed from
you on account of your sins. Woe to you who recompense
your neighbour with evil; for you shall be recompensed
according to your works.
5Woe to you, false
witnesses, you who aggravate iniquity; for you shall
6Woe to you, sinners;
for you reject the righteous; for you receive or
reject at pleasure those who commit
iniquity; and their yoke shall prevail over you.
1Wait in hope, you
righteous; for suddenly shall sinners perish from
before you, and you shall exercise dominion over them,
according to your will.
2In the day of the
sufferings of sinners your offspring shall be
elevated, and lifted up like eagles. Your nest shall
be more exalted than that of the avest; you shall
ascend, and enter into the cavities of the earth, and
into the clefts of the rocks for ever, like conies,
from the sight of the unElohimly;
3Who shall groan over
you, and weep like sirens.
4You shall not fear
those who trouble you; for restoration shall be yours;
a splendid light shall shine around you, and the voice
of tranquility shall be heard from heaven. Woe to you,
sinners; for your wealth makes you resemble saints,
but your hearts reproach you, knowing that you
are sinners. This word shall testify against you, for
the remembrance of crime.
5Woe to you who feed
upon the glory of the corn, and drink the strength of
the deepest spring, and in the pride of your
power tread down the humble.
6Woe to you who drink
water at pleasure; for suddenly shall you be
recompensed, consumed, and withered, because you have
forsaken the foundation of life.
7Woe to you who act
iniquitously, fraudulently, and blasphemously; there
shall be a remembrance against you for evil.
8Woe to you, powerful,
who with power strike down righteousness; for the day
of your destruction shall come; while at that
very time many and good days shall be the portion of
the righteous, even at the period of your
1The righteous are
confident that sinners will be disgraced, and perish
in the day of iniquity.
2You shall yourselves
be conscious of it; for the Most High will remember
your destruction, and the angels shall rejoice over
it. What will you do sinners? And where will you fly
in the day of judgment, when you shall hear the words
of the prayer of the righteous?
3You are not like them
who in this respect witness against you; you are
associates of sinners.
4In those days shall
the prayers of the righteous come up before Yahuah.
When the day of your judgment shall arrive; and every
circumstance of your iniquity be related before the
great and the qodesh One;
5Your faces shall be
covered with shame; while every deed, strengthened by
crime, shall be rejected.
6Woe unto you, sinners,
who in the midst of the sea, and on dry land, are
those against whom an evil record exists. Woe to you
who squander silver and gold, not obtained in
righteousness, and say, We are rich, possess wealth,
and have acquired everything which we can desire.
7Now then will we do
whatsoever we are disposed to do; for we have amassed
silver; our barns are full, and the husbandmen of our
families are like overflowing water.
8Like water shall your
falsehood pass away; for your wealth will not be
permanent, but shall suddenly ascend from you, because
you have obtained it all iniquitously; to extreme
malediction shall you be delivered up.
9And now I swear to
you, crafty, as well as simple ones; that you, often
contemplating the earth, you who are men,
clothe yourselves more elegantly that married women,
and both together more so than unmarried ones, (138)
everywhere arraying yourselves in majesty, in
magnificence, in authority, and in silver: but gold,
purple, honour, and wealth, like water, flow away.
married women…unmarried ones. Or, "than a
woman and more coloured (garments) than a girl…"
(Knibb, p. 230).
and wisdom are not theirs. Thus shall they perish,
together with their riches, with all their glory, and
with their honours;
11While with disgrace,
with slaughter, and in extreme penury, shall their
spirits be thrust into a furnace of fire.
12I have sworn to you,
sinners, that neither mountain nor hill has been or
shall be subservient (139) to woman.
(139) Subservient. Literally, "a
servant." Perhaps in furnishing them with
treasures for ornaments (Laurence, p. 159).
13Neither in this way
has crime been sent down to us upon earth, but men of
their own heads have invented it; and greatly shall
those who give it efficiency be execrated.
14Barrenness shall not
be previously inflicted on woman; but on
account of the work of her hands shall she die
15I have sworn to you,
sinners, by the qodesh and the Great One, that all
your evil deeds are disclosed in the heavens; and that
none of your oppressive acts are concealed and secret.
16Think not in your
minds, neither say in your hearts, that every crime is
not manifested and seen. In heaven it is daily written
down before the Most High. Henceforwards shall it be
manifested; for every act of oppression which you
commit shall be daily recorded, until the period of
17Woe to you, simple
ones, for you shall perish in your simplicity. To the
wise you will not listen, and that which is good you
shall not obtain.
18Now therefore know
that you are destined to the day of destruction; nor
hope that sinners shall live; but in process of time
you shall die; for you are not marked for redemption;
19But are destined to
the day of the great judgment, to the day of distress,
and the extreme ignominy of your souls.
20Woe to you, obdurate
in heart, who commit crime, and feed on blood. Whence
is it that you feed on good things, drink, and
are satiated? Is it not because our Lord, the Most
High, has abundantly supplied every good thing upon
earth? To you there shall not be peace.
21Woe to you who love
the deeds of iniquity. Why do you hope for that which
is good? Know that you shall be given up into the
hands of the righteous; who shall cut off your necks,
slay you, and show you no compassion.
22Woe to you who
rejoice in the trouble of the righteous; for a grave
shall not be dug for you.
23Woe to you who
frustrate the word of the righteous; for to you there
shall be no hope of life.
24Woe to you who write
down the word of falsehood, and the word of the
wicked; for their falsehood they record, that they may
hear and not forget folly.
25To them there shall
be no peace; but they shall surely die suddenly.
1Woe to them who act
impiously, who laud and honour the word of falsehood.
You have been lost in perdition; and have never led a
2Woe to you who change
the words of integrity. They transgress against the
everlasting decree; (140)
transgress…the everlasting decree. Or, "they
distort the eternal law" (Knibb, p. 232).
3And cause the heads of
those who are not sinners to be trodden down upon the
4In those days you, O
righteous, shall have been deemed worthy of having
your prayers rise up in remembrance; and shall have
deposited them in testimony before the angels, that
they might records the sins of the sinners in the
presence of the Most High.
5In those days the
nations shall be overthrown; but the families of the
nations shall rise again in the day of perdition.
6In those days they who
become pregnant shall go forth, carry off their
children, and forsake them. Their offspring shall slip
from them, and while suckling them shall they forsake
them; they shall never return to them, and never
instruct their beloved.
7Again I swear to you,
sinners, that crime has been prepared for the day of
blood, which never ceases.
8They shall worship
stones, and engrave golden, silver, and wooden images.
They shall worship impure spirits, demons, and every
idol, in temples; but no help shall be obtained for
them. Their hearts shall become impious through their
folly, and their eyes be blinded with mental
superstition. (141) In their visionary
dreams shall they be impious and superstitious, lying
in all their actions, and worshipping a stone.
Altogether shall they perish.
"with the fear of their hearts" (Laurence, p.
9But in those days
blessed shall they be, to whom the word of wisdom is
delivered; who point out and pursue the path of the
Most High; who walk in the way of righteousness, and
who act not impiously with the impious.
10They shall be saved.
11Woe to you who expand
the crime of your neighbour; for in hell shall you be
12Woe to you who lay
the foundation of sin and deceit, and who are bitter
on earth; for on it shall you be consumed.
13Woe to you who build
your houses by the labour of others, every part of
which is constructed with brick, and with the stone of
crime; I tell you, that you shall not obtain peace.
14Woe to you who
despise the extent of the everlasting inheritance of
your fathers, while your souls follow after idols; for
to you there shall be no tranquillity.
15Woe to them who
commit iniquity, and give aid to blasphemy, who slay
their neighbour until the day of the great judgment;
for your glory shall fall; malevolence shall He put
into your hearts, and the spirit of his wrath shall
stir you up, that every one of you may perish
by the sword.
16Then shall all the
righteous and the qodesh remember your crimes.
1In those days shall
fathers be struck down with their children in the
presence of each other; and brethren with their
brethren shall fall dead: until a river shall flow
from their blood.
2For a man shall not
restrain his hand from his children, nor from his
children’s children; his mercy will be to kill them.
3Nor shall the sinner
restrain his hand from his honoured brother. From the
dawn of day to the setting sun shall the slaughter
continue. The horse shall wade up to his breast, and
the chariot shall sink to its axle, in the blood of
1In those days the
angels shall descend into places of concealment, and
gather together in one spot all who have assisted in
2In that day shall the
Most High rise up to execute the great judgment upon
all sinners, and to commit the guardianship of all the
righteous and qodesh to the qodesh angels, that they
may protect them as the apple of an eye, until every
evil and every crime be annihilated.
3Whether or not
the righteous sleep securely, wise men shall then
4And the sons of the
earth shall understand every word of that book,
knowing that their riches cannot save them in the ruin
of their crimes.
5Woe to you, sinners,
when you shall be afflicted on account of the
righteous in the day of the great trouble; shall be
burnt in the fire; and be recompensed according to
6Woe to you, perverted
in heart, who are watchful to obtain an accurate
knowledge of evil, and to discover terrors. No one
shall assist you.
7Woe to you, sinners;
for with the words of your mouths, and with the work
of your hands, have you acted impiously; in the flame
of a blazing fire shall you be burnt.
8And now know, that the
angels shall inquire into your conduct in heaven; of
the sun, the moon, and the stars, shall they
inquire respecting your sins; for upon earth you
exercise jurisdiction over the righteous.
9Every cloud shall bear
witness against you, the snow, the dew, and the rain:
for all of them shall be withholden from you, that
they may not descend upon you, nor become subservient
to your crimes.
10Now then bring gifts
of salutation to the rain; that, not being withholden,
it may descend upon you; and to the dew, if it has
received from you gold and silver. But when the frost,
snow, cold, every snowy wind, and every suffering
belonging to them, fall upon you, in those days you
will be utterly incapable of standing before them.
heaven, all you progeny of heaven, and all the works
of the Most High; fear him, nor conduct yourselves
criminally before him.
2If He shut up the
windows of heaven, restraining the rain and dew, that
it may not descend upon the earth on your account,
what will you do?
3And if He send his
wrath upon you, and upon all your deeds, you are not
they who can supplicate him; you who utter against his
righteousness, language proud and powerful. To you
there shall be no peace.
4Do you not see the
commanders of ships, how their vessels are tossed
about by the waves, torn to pieces by the winds, and
exposed to the greatest peril?
5That they therefore
fear, because their whole property is embarked with
them on the ocean; and that they forbode evil in their
hearts, because it may swallow them up, and they may
perish in it?
6Is not the whole sea,
all its waters, and all its commotion, the work of
him, the Most High; of him who has sealed up all its
exertions, and girded it on every side with sand?
7Is it not at
his rebuke dried up, and alarmed; while all its fish
with everything contained in it die? And will
not you, sinners, who are on earth, fear him? Is not
He the maker of heaven and earth, and of all things
which are in them?
8And who has given
erudition and wisdom to all that move progressive
upon the earth, and over the sea?
9Are not the commanders
of ships terrified at the ocean? And shall not sinners
be terrified at the Most High?
(No Chapter 101)
1In those days, when He
shall cast the calamity of fire upon you, whither will
you fly, and where will you be safe?
2And when He sends
forth his word against you, are you not spared, and
3All the luminaries are
agitated with great fear; and all the earth is spared,
while it trembles, and suffers anxiety.
4All the angels fulfill
the commands received by them, and are
desirous of being concealed from the presence of the
great Glory; while the children of the earth are
alarmed and troubled.
5But you, sinners, are
for ever accursed; to you there shall be no peace.
6Fear not, souls of the
righteous; but wait with patient hope for the day of
your death in righteousness. Grieve not, because your
souls descend in great trouble, with groaning,
lamentation, and sorrow, to the receptacle of the
dead. In your lifetime your bodies have not received a
recompense in proportion to your goodness, but in the
period of your existence have sinners existed; in the
period of execration and of punishment.
7And when you die,
sinners say concerning you, As we die, the righteous
die. What profit have they in their works? Behold,
like us, they expire in sorrow and in darkness. What
advantage have they over us? Henceforward are we
equal. What will be within their grasp, and what
before their eyes for ever? For behold they are dead;
and never will they again perceive the light. I say
unto you, sinners, You have been satisfied with meat
and drink, with human plunder and rapine, with sin,
with the acquisition of wealth and with the sight of
good days. Have you not marked the righteous, how
their end is in peace? For no oppression is found in
them even to the day of their death. They perish, and
are as if they were not, while their souls descend in
trouble to the receptacle of the dead.
1But now I swear to
you, righteous, by the greatness of his splendour and
his glory; by his illustrious kingdom and by his
majesty, to you I swear, that I comprehend this
mystery; that I have read the tablet of heaven, have
seen the writing of the qodesh ones, and have
discovered what is written and impressed on it
2I have seen
that all goodness, joy, and glory has been prepared
for you, and been written down for the spirits of them
who die eminently righteous and good. To you it shall
be given in return for your troubles; and your portion
of happiness shall far exceed the portion of
3The spirits of you who
die in righteousness shall exist and rejoice. Their
spirits shall exult; and their remembrance shall be
before the face of the Mighty One from generation to
generation. Nor shall they now fear disgrace.
4Woe to you, sinners,
when you die in your sins; and they, who are like you,
say respecting you, Blessed are these sinners. They
have lived out their whole period; and now they die in
happiness and in wealth. Distress and slaughter they
knew not while alive; in honour they die; nor ever in
their lifetime did judgment overtake them.
5But has it not
been shown to them, that, when to the
receptacle of the dead their souls shall be made to
descend, their evil deeds shall become their greatest
torment? Into darkness, into the snare, and into the
flame, which shall burn to the great judgment, shall
their spirits enter; and the great judgment shall take
effect for ever and for ever.
6Woe to you; for to you
there shall be no peace. Neither can you say to the
righteous, and to the good who are alive, In the days
of our trouble have we been afflicted; every manner
of trouble have we seen, and many evil things
7Our spirits have been
consumed, lessened, and diminished.
8We have perished; nor
has there been a possibility of help for us in word or
in deed: we have found none, but have been tormented
9We have not expected
to live day after day.
10We hoped indeed to
have been the head;
11But we have become
the tail. We have been afflicted, when we have exerted
ourselves; but we have been devoured by sinners and
the unElohimly; their yoke has been heavy upon us.
12Those have exercised
dominion over us who detest and who goad us; and to
those who hate us have we humbled our neck; but they
have shown no compassion towards us.
13We have been desirous
of escaping from them, that we might fly away and be
at rest; but we have found no place to which we could
fly, and be secure from them. We have sought an asylum
with princes in our distress, and have cried out to
those who were devouring us; but our cry has not been
regarded, nor have they been disposed to hear our
14But rather to assist
those who plunder and devour us; those who diminish
us, and hide their oppression; who remove not their
yoke from us, but devour, enervate, and slay us; who
conceal our slaughter, nor remember that they have
lifted up their hands against us.
1I swear to you,
righteous, that in heaven the angels record your
goodness before the glory of the Mighty One.
2Wait with patient
hope; for formerly you have been disgraced with evil
and with affliction; but now shall you shine like the
luminaries of heaven. You shall be seen, and the gates
of heaven shall be opened to you. Your cries have
cried for judgment; and it has appeared to you; for an
account of all your sufferings shall be required from
the princes, and from every one who has assisted your
3Wait with patient
hope; nor relinquish your confidence; for great joy
shall be yours, like that of the angels in heaven.
Conduct yourselves as you may, still you shall not be
concealed in the day of the great judgment. You shall
not be found like sinners; and eternal condemnation
shall be far from you, so long as the world exists.
4And now fear not,
righteous, when you see sinners flourishing and
prosperous in their ways.
5Be not associates with
them; but keep yourselves at a distance from their
oppression; be you associated with the host of heaven.
You, sinners, say, All our transgressions shall not be
taken account of, and be recorded. But all your
transgressions shall be recorded daily.
6And be assured by me,
that light and darkness, day and night, behold all
your transgressions. Be not impious in your thoughts;
lie not; surrender not the word of uprightness; lie
not against the word of the qodesh and the mighty One;
glorify not your idols; for all your lying and all
your impiety is not for righteousness, but for great
7Now will I point out a
mystery: Many sinners shall turn and transgress
against the word of uprightness.
8They shall speak evil
things; they shall utter falsehood; execute great
undertakings; (142) and compose books in
their own words. But when they shall write all my
words correctly in their own languages,
great undertakings. Literally,
"create a great creation" (Laurence, p. 173).
9They shall neither
change or diminish them; but shall write them all
correctly; all which from the first I have uttered
concerning them. (143)
(143) Despite Enoch's mandate, his
book was most certainly "changed" and "diminished" by
later editors, though these fragments of it have
10Another mystery also
I point out. To the righteous and the wise shall be
given books of joy, of integrity, and of great wisdom.
To them shall books be given, in which they shall
11And in which they
shall rejoice. And all the righteous shall be
rewarded, who from these shall acquire the knowledge
of every upright path.
1In those days, saith
Yahuah, they shall call to the children of the earth,
and make them listen to their wisdom. Show them that
you are their leaders;
2And that remuneration
shall take place over the whole earth; for I
and my Son will for ever hold communion with them in
the paths of uprightness, while they are still alive.
Peace shall be yours. Rejoice, children of integrity,
in the truth.
1After a time, my son
Mathusala took a wife for his son Lamech.
2She became pregnant by
him, and brought forth a child, the flesh of which was
as white as snow, and red as a rose; the hair of whose
head was white like wool, and long; and whose eyes
were beautiful. When he opened them, he illuminated
all the house, like the sun; the whole house abounded
3And when he was taken
from the hand of the midwife, Lamech his father became
afraid of him; and flying away came to his own father
Mathusala, and said, I have begotten a son, unlike to
other children. He is not human; but, resembling
the offspring of the angels of heaven, is of a
different nature from ours, being altogether
unlike to us.
4His eyes are bright
as the rays of the sun; his countenance glorious, and
he looks not as if he belonged to me, but to the
5I am afraid, lest
something miraculous should take place on earth in his
6And now, my father,
let me entreat and request you to go to our progenitor
Enoch, and learn from him the truth; for his residence
is with the angels.
7When Mathusala heard
the words of his son, he came to me at the extremities
of the earth; for he had been informed that I was
there: and he cried out.
8I heard his voice, and
went to him saying, Behold, I am here, my son;
since you have come to me.
9He answered and said,
On account of a great event have I come to you; and on
account of a sight difficult to be comprehended
have I approached you.
10And now, my father,
hear me; for to my son Lamech a child has been born,
who resembles not him; and whose nature is not like
the nature of man. His colour is whiter than snow; he
is redder than the rose; the hair of his head is
whiter than white wool; his eyes are like the rays of
the sun; and when he opened them he illuminated the
11When also he was
taken from the hand of the midwife,
12His father Lamech
feared, and fled to me, believing not that the
child belonged to him, but that he resembled the
angels of heaven. And behold I am come to you, that
you might point out to me the truth.
13Then I, Enoch,
answered and said, Yahuah will effect a new thing upon
the earth. This have I explained, and seen in a
vision. I have shown you that in the
generations of Jared my father, those who were from
heaven disregarded the word of Yahuah. Behold they
committed crimes; laid aside their class, and
intermingled with women. With them also they
transgressed; married with them, and begot children. (144)
(144) After this verse, one Greek
papyrus adds, "who are not like spiritual beings, but
creatures of flesh" (Milik, p. 210).
14A great destruction
therefore shall come upon all the earth; a deluge, a
great destruction, shall take place in one year.
15This child which is
born to your son shall survive on the earth,
and his three sons shall be saved with him. When all
mankind who are on the earth shall die, he shall be
16And his posterity
shall beget on the earth giants, not spiritual, but
carnal. Upon the earth shall a great punishment be
inflicted, and it shall be washed from all corruption.
Now therefore inform your son Lamech, that he who is
born is his child in truth; and he shall call his name
Noah, for he shall be to you a survivor. He and
his children shall be saved from the corruption which
shall take place in the world; from all the sin and
from all the iniquity which shall be consummated on
earth in his days. Afterwards shall greater impiety
take place than that which had been before consummated
on the earth; for I am acquainted with qodesh
mysteries, which Yahuah himself has discovered and
explained to me; and which I have read in the tablets
17In them I saw it
written, that the generation after generation shall
transgress, until a righteous race shall arise; until
transgression and crime perish from off the earth;
until all goodness come upon it.
18And now, my son, go
tell your son Lamech,
19That the child which
is born is his child in truth; and that there is no
20When Mathusala heard
the word of his father Enoch, who had shown him every
secret thing, he returned with understanding, and
called the name of that child Noah; because he was to
console the earth on account of all its destruction.
21Another book, which
Enoch wrote for his son Mathusala, and for those who
should come after him, and preserve their purity of
conduct in the latter days. You, who have laboured,
shall wait in those days, until the evil doers be
consumed, and the power of the guilty be annihilated.
Wait, until sin pass away; for their names shall be
blotted out of the qodesh books; their seed shall be
destroyed, and their spirits slain. They shall cry out
and lament in the invisible waste, and in the
bottomless fire shall they burn. (145)
There I perceived, as it were, a cloud which could not
be seen through; for from the depth of it I was unable
to look upwards. I beheld also a flame of fire blazing
brightly, and, as it were, glittering mountains
whirled around, and agitated from side to side.
(145) In the
bottomless fire shall they burn. Literally,
"in the fire shall they burn, where there is no
earth" (Laurence, p. 178).
22Then I inquired of
one of the qodesh angels who was with me, and said,
What is this splendid object? For it is not
heaven, but a flame of fire alone which blazes; and in
it there is the clamour of exclamation, of woe,
and of great suffering.
23He said, There, into
that place which you behold, shall be thrust the
spirits of sinners and blasphemers; of those who shall
do evil, and who shall pervert all which Elohim has
spoken by the mouth of the prophets; all which they
ought to do. For respecting these things there shall
be writings and impressions above in heaven, that the
angels may read them and know what shall happen both
to sinners and to the spirits of the humble; to those
who have suffered in their bodies, but have been
rewarded by Elohim; who have been injuriously treated
by wicked men; who have loved Elohim; who have been
attached neither to gold nor silver, nor to any good
thing in the world, but have given their bodies to
24To those who from the
period of their birth have not been covetous of
earthly riches; but have regarded themselves as a
breath passing away.
25Such has been their
conduct; and much has Yahuah tried them; and their
spirits have been found pure, that they might bless
his name. All their blessings have I related in a
book; and He has rewarded them; for they have been
found to love heaven with an everlasting aspiration. Elohim
has said, While they have been trodden down by
wicked men, they have heard from them revilings and
blasphemies; and have been ignominiously treated,
while they were blessing me. And now will I call the
spirits of the good from the generation of light, and
will change those who have been born in darkness; who
have not in their bodies been recompensed with glory,
as their faith may have merited.
26I will bring them
into the splendid light of those who love my qodesh
name: and I will place each of them on a throne of
glory, of glory peculiarly his own, and they
shall be at rest during unnumbered periods. Righteous
is the judgment of Elohim;
27For to the faithful
shall he give faith in the habitations of uprightness.
They shall see those, who have been born in darkness
unto darkness shall be cast; while the righteous shall
be at rest. Sinners shall cry out, beholding them,
while they exist in splendour and proceed forwards to
the days and periods prescribed to them.